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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] "Water governance for development and sustainability" (LC/L.2556-P, June 2006, Serie Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura No. 111) by Miguel Solanes and Andrei Jouravlev
Fecha:Lunes, 7 de Agosto, 2006  10:17:38 (-0400)

Dear members of the list,

I would like to inform you that has become available a document entitled "Water governance for development and sustainability" (LC/L.2556-P, June 2006, Serie Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura No. 111) by Miguel Solanes and Andrei Jouravlev (80 pages). The publication is available in the following formats:

- You can download it at

- As an attachment to e-mail; requests to Andrei.JOURAVLEV@... (only inlPDF, less than 0.5 MB).

- Hard copy (printed) version by air mail (individual copies) free of charge while our extremely limited supplies last. Requests should be sent to Andrei.JOURAVLEV@..., INDICATING CLEARLY YOUR ADDRESS. ** Please, do NOT SEND REQUESTS TO THE LIST (do not use "REPLY"), but directly to Andrei.JOURAVLEV@... ** Dispatch of hard copies could take some time.

Yours sincerely,

Andrei S. Jouravlev
Economic Affairs Officer
Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)


This document aims to identify characteristics of water institutions which promote the sustainable integration of water, both as a resource and as service, into socioeconomic development. As this does not depend only on formal institutional factors, such as legislation and organizational structure, there are also references to dynamic conditions, such as socioeconomic circumstances and the quality of the administration, summarized in the concept of governance, understood as the capability of a social system to mobilize energies, in a coherent manner, for the sustainable development of water resources. As human society becomes ever more complex and the intensity of human impact on natural resources becomes more severe, the need to integrate the different elements of water management becomes imperative. It is for this reason that effective water governance will be more and more closely linked to integrated water resources management. The specific objectives of this paper are: (i) to contribute to focusing the regional debate on those aspects of water institutions and macroeconomic policies which are particularly critical for Latin American and Caribbean countries; (ii) to promote the formulation of a regional position that genuinely reflects its situation, visions, aspirations and problems; (iii) to promote a critical and balanced analysis of legislation, regulatory frameworks and public policies for water resources management and provision of related public services; and (iv) to make available in English a summary of the water-related research carried out by the Division of Natural Resources and Infrastructure of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).

I. Introduction
 A. Water governance
 B. Macroeconomic environment
II. Water governance and the social and economic background
 A. Social, economic and political challenges
 B. Issues facing the State and civil society
 C. Factors favouring the search for solutions
III. Governance of the water sector: key issues
 A. The legal nature of water, water allocation and reallocation, and the role of the State
 B. The institutional structure for water management
 C. Economic rationality and social demands
 D. The role of the State and the regulation of public services
 E. The issue of the appropriate level of government
 F. Public participation
 G. The environmental dilemma
 H. Protection of the interests of ethnic groups and customary users
 I. Conflict resolution
 J. Public policy decision making
VI. Conclusions
 A. The lack of universal and simple answers
 B. Lessons and general consensus
 C. The process of building effective water governance