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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] "Drinking water supply and sanitation services on the threshold of the XXI century" by Andrei Jouravlev
Fecha:Miercoles, 16 de Marzo, 2005  09:25:54 (-0400)
Autor:Andrei.JOURAVLEV <Andrei.JOURAVLEV @.....org>


Dear members of the list,

I would like to inform you that has become available a report entitled "Drinking water supply and sanitation services on the threshold of the XXI century" (LC/L.2169-P, December 2004, Serie Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura No. 74) by Andrei Jouravlev (60 pages). This publication is available in the following formats:

- You can download it (in PDF) at:
<http://www.eclac.org/publicaciones/RecursosNaturales/9/LCL2169PE/lcl2169i.pdf>
http://www.eclac.org/publicaciones/RecursosNaturales/9/LCL2169PE/lcl2169i.pdf

- As an attachment to e-mail (only in PDF, about 0.4 MB).

- Hard copy (printed) version by air mail (individual copies) free of charge while supplies last. * * Dispatch could take considerable time. * * Requests should be sent to ajouravlev@..., indicating clearly your address. ** Please, do NOT send requests to the list, but directly to me. **

Yours sincerely,

Andrei S. Jouravlev
Economic Affairs Officer
Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyse the status of drinking water supply and sanitation services in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the twenty-first century. For this purpose, and for methodological reasons, the study is divided into two parts. The first section consists of an analysis of access to services and their quality. The coverage levels achieved in the region may be considered reasonable, with the possible exception of wastewater treatment, but there are still serious deficiencies in access to services, which disproportionately affect low-income groups and rural areas. The insufficient coverage and poor quality of the services not only have negative impacts on the health of the population but also affect the environment, the economy, foreign trade and the availability of water for various uses. The second section of the study contains an analysis of the reforms carried out in recent years by the countries of the region. Despite the inevitable differences in a region that includes very different countries, the reforms have shown many common features: institutional separation of the functions of sectoral policy-making, economic regulation and systems administration; extension and consolidation of the decentralization process in the provision of services; a general interest in promoting private participation; formulation of new regulatory frameworks; and the requirement, since the crisis of the 1980s, that services should move towards being self-financing, and when that occurs, that subsidy arrangements should be set up for low-income groups. Lastly, some conclusions are drawn.

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