Lista Ecologia y Ambiente - VZLA
|Asunto:||[LEA-Venezuela] Imataca Rainforest Reserve placed on the back burner...(www.vheadline.com)|
|Fecha:||Jueves, 28 de Noviembre, 2002 09:58:01 (-0400)|
|Autor:||Jorge Hinestroza <vitae3 @..........ve>
Imataca Rainforest Reserve
placed on the back burner...
Who knows what’s happening there now?
by VHeadline.com News Editor Patrick J.
VHeadline.com : Wednesday, November 27, 2002 -- The World Resources Institute (WRI) has drawn attention to
the Imataca Rainforest Reserve, which Venezuela environmentalists seem
to have put on hold ... at least until President Hugo Chavez Frias has
been removed from power.
Former Imataca ideologues, such as Leonardo
Pizani and Tulio Alvarez are currently defending a slot on the
National Electoral College (CNE) or filing lawsuits against Chavez
Frias at the Supreme Tribunal of Justice (TSJ) and have seemingly put
the Imataca on a backburner.
The 3.2 million-hectare reserve is located between
Bolivar and Delta Amacuro States. The WRI says there are 12 timber
concessions currently operating in the area ... and 300 mining
concessions ... and contracts handed out before President Rafael
Caldera’s controversial Decree 1850 in 1997.
“The approved zoning plan designates five
management zones in the Imataca reserve for forest management,
management of the flood plains, special investigation, protection and
mixed management … the management zones appear to have been established
primarily on the basis of existing concessions rather than specific
ecological or social criteria.”
The report goes to state that the Imataca zoning
plan defines only two protected zones covering less than 4% of the
reserve, which are open for timber extraction and isolated from one
another. The Institute highlights several incidents of legal vacuum in
Decree 185O such as:
- Lack of an indigenous community zone: The
reserve overlaps with territories once occupied by Warao, Arawak,
Karina, Pemon, and Akawaio indigenous communities
- Lack of secure land tenure has created problems
in other parts of the world for local communities faced with mining
developments, such as Suriname
- Lack of consideration for the environmental
impact of migration to the region, such as indirect effects of
permitting mining in the reserve, increase in migration and
construction of settlements
- Lack of a monitoring program for timber
extraction or mining. There is no provision for monitoring the impact
of extractive activities
The Supreme Tribunal of Justice (TSJ) has still
not made a ruling since environmentalists and local indigenous
communities introduced appeals in 1997 and Venezuela's print &
broadcast media have relegated environmental issues to oblivion.