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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] Millenium Project - Energy - Carbon Sequestration
Fecha:Martes, 19 de Noviembre, 2002  14:22:31 (-0400)
Autor:interfaz <interfaz @.....net>

Aqui dice, entre otras cosas, que en el futuro quizas Venezuela use su
petroleo para generar eletricidad y enviarla a otros paises
inalambricamente a traves de satelites... 

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http://library.northernlight.com/FB20021119140000068.html

Millennium Project Explores Potential for Wireless Energy -- Analyzes
Approaches to Carbon Sequestration; Futures Think Tank Calls for More
Global Research Into Approaches That Address Growth of Greenhouse Gases;
Suggests Creation of World Energy Organization May Be Required 

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  WASHINGTON, Nov 17, 2002 (ASCRIBE NEWS via COMTEX) -- The Millennium
Project an international think tank comprising more than 1,000 futurists,
scholars, business leaders, scientists and policymakers from more than 50
countries, acting under the auspices of the American Council for the United
Nations University (AC/UNU), has recently turned its attention to the
growing worldwide energy challenge: How can growing energy demands be met
safely and efficiently, without adding to the growth of greenhouse gases?
The Millennium Project is exploring unique combinations of wireless energy
transmission and carbon sequestration. 
 
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Source:  AScribe Newswire 
Date:  11/19/2002 03:59 
Price:  Free 
Document Size:  Short (1 or 2 pages) 
Document ID:  FB20021119140000068 
Subject(s):  Mts; Art; Business; Coal; Department Of Energy; Electric
Utility; Electricity; Email; Energy; Environment; Foundation; Fuel Cell;
Futures; Grants; Habitat; Kuwait; Local; Methanol; Millennium; NASA;
Natural Gas; Nuclear; Nuclear Power; Oil; Oil And Gas; Pollution; Power
Plant; Renewable Energy; Research; Satellite; Saudi Arabia; Science; Solar
Power; Technology; United Nations; University; Venezuela; Wireless
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Millennium Project Explores Potential for Wireless Energy -- Analyzes
Approaches to Carbon Sequestration; Futures Think Tank Calls for More
Global Research Into Approaches That Address Growth of Greenhouse Gases;
Suggests Creation of World Energy Organization May Be Required 

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Story Filed: Tuesday, November 19, 2002 3:59 AM EST 

WASHINGTON, Nov 17, 2002 (ASCRIBE NEWS via COMTEX) -- The Millennium
Project an international think tank comprising more than 1,000 futurists,
scholars, business leaders, scientists and policymakers from more than 50
countries, acting under the auspices of the American Council for the United
Nations University (AC/UNU), has recently turned its attention to the
growing worldwide energy challenge: How can growing energy demands be met
safely and efficiently, without adding to the growth of greenhouse gases?
The Millennium Project is exploring unique combinations of wireless energy
transmission and carbon sequestration. 

Wireless Energy Transmission 

Wireless energy transmission converts electricity to microwaves, which can
then be beamed over long distances via satellite, and then reconverted back
to electricity. NASA demonstrated the feasibility of such technology in
1967. 

If electric cars catch on over the next 20 years, and current urban growth
trends continue, we will need far more electricity than today. "Instead of
exporting oil in giant tankers, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Venezuela, and other
oil producing nations could use their own oil and gas that is currently
flared away to produce electricity locally and then beam it by satellite to
other countries' receivers attached to local power grids," explained Jerome
C. Glenn, Millennium Project director. "This has the great benefit of
reducing potential catastrophic oil spills, managing pollution more
locally, and eventually opening up new energy sources such solar panels in
earth orbit." 

The Millennium Project is currently in discussions with oil companies in
Kuwait and Venezuela to explore this option, which has stimulated new
National Science Foundation (NSF) grants for research in this area.
"However, the long-term goal would be to beam down solar energy from space
to remote sites all over the world, providing an affordable source of
baseload electricity without producing either carbon dioxide or nuclear
proliferation," explains Dr. Paul Werbos, NSF program manager for control
networks and computational intelligence. The NSF in collaboration with NASA
and the Electric Power Research Institute, recently held a funding
competition for this area, explicitly justified on the basis of a
Millennium Project study cited as the starting point for their
announcement. (Publication number NSF 02-098 at www.nsf.gov.) 

Carbon Sequestration 

Conventional carbon sequestration attempts to remove carbon dioxide from
power plants, at the point of production. But the world's greatest needs
for carbon-based fuels occur in cars, trucks and busses, where that kind of
carbon sequestration is impractical. It is possible that cars carrying
hydrogen or big batteries might solve the problem, but there remain many
problems with those approaches. "In order to explore a third alternative,"
continues Dr. Werbos, "The NSF plans to cooperate with the United Nations
University and others to sponsor a series of workshops on how to sequester
carbon dioxide from the air. The field is a ripe for new, creative
high-risk approaches, based on new partnerships between different fields of
science." 

Future strategies for carbon sequestration include injecting carbon dioxide
into the earth or into the ocean; separating the gases from the air and
storing them by planting trees; and using chemistry to produce new products
from these gases, such as methanol to fuel dual-fired cars, and longer-term
as an energy source for fuel cell cars. While there is no comparative
assessment of these approaches, nor state-of-the-art research completed,
the National Science Foundation is currently exploring how to address this
gap. 

"If research in carbon sequestration and wireless transmission of energy
becomes serious, then one day oil producers could become electricity
suppliers to the world without adding greenhouse gases and a global energy
grid could be in space orbit," continued Glenn. "By 2020, the world faces
serious challenges in the global electricity supply, especially in areas of
massive urban concentrations. We strongly support research into these two
areas, seeing in them vast potential for meeting these challenges." 

The Energy Challenge: Looking Forward to 2020 

Projecting current energy use trends forward for 20 years, some facts can
be stated with impunity, based on Millennium Project research and other
widely published reports: 

- World energy consumption is expected to increase 57 percent by 2020 and
to double or triple by 2050 

- U.S. Department of Energy expects most of the increase in energy
production to 2020 will come from oil (40 percent), natural gas, and coal 

- If so, carbon emissions are expected to rise to 9.9 billion metric tons
by 2020, more than doubling the figure over the past 20 years 

- Developing countries would pass the industrial countries in total carbon
emissions by 2015 

- Electricity loss from decommissioned nuclear power plants will need to be
replaced 

- Current renewable energy options will not keep up with demand 

Potential World Energy Organization 

The types of projects explored above will certainly require vast changes in
the global energy supply management system and related economic flows.
Agreement on scientific measurements of such projects, particularly carbon
sequestration, will be necessary for energy pricing policies that reflect
the external and environment of energy production and use. These needs may
require the creation of a world energy organization for the coordination of
energy research, development, and assistance in implementing policies. 

About the Millennium Project 

The Millennium Project is a worldwide think tank comprising more than 1,000
futurists, scholars, business leaders, scientists and policymakers from
more than 50 countries, acting under the auspices of the American Council
for the United Nations University. The Millennium Project is dedicated to
exploring global futures by interviewing and surveying individuals at
corporations, universities, NGO's, UN organizations, and governments to
understand world change and to identify actions to reach the best possible
future for humanity as a whole. In addition to its flagship "State of the
Future" reports, the Millennium Project also produces studies in other
specialized areas, including counter-terrorism strategies, future issues of
science and technology, environmental security, United Nations Millennium
Summit analysis, early warning and decision making, long-range goals for
governance, "African Futures 2025" and "Future Research Methodology." The
Millennium Project's work has been recognized by leading organizations and
has been named one of the best foresight organizations by the US Department
of Energy, is annually selected among "Top Picks" by the Future Survey, and
is recognized as one of the leading "Best Practices" by United Nations
Habitat. 

For further information, call +01-202-686-5179; email acunu@... or
visit www.StateOfTheFuture.org. 

((AScribe - The Public Interest Newswire / http://www.ascribe.org)) 


(C)1999-2002 Ascribe News - http://www.ascribe.org 



Copyright © 2002, AScribe Newswire, all rights reserved.


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