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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] NEW RISKS FROM SHELL
Fecha:Viernes, 28 de Junio, 2002  12:37:35 (-0400)
Autor:Amigransa_Orinoco Oil Watch <amigrans @........ve>


----- Original Message -----
From: "ERA/FoE N" <eraction@...>
To: "ERA/FoEN" <eraction@...>
Sent: Thursday, June 27, 2002 10:39 AM
Subject: NIGER DELTA COMMUNITIES FACE NEW RISKS FROM SHELL


> SOURCE: DAILY INDEPENDENT (Lagos), JUNE 24-30, 2002, PAGE B2
>
> CAPTION: WHY ERA OPPOSES SHELL'S OFFSHORE FPSO VESSEL
>
AUTHOR: CUDJOE KPOR
>
>
> The Environmental Rights Action (ERA) has raised three significant
> environmental concerns about the two million barrel-capacity Floating
> Storage Production and Off-loading (FPSO) vessel, owned by Shell in
Nigeria
> and scheduled to be anchored in the Niger Delta by September, next year.
> In a nutshell, the non-governmental organisation's concerns centered on
the
> safety of the facility to be moored offshore and its operation responsibly
> by the oil giant so as not to pollute the sea and the coast, the source of
> some of the conflicts with the oil communities.
> Above all, ERA queried whether or not Shell will still meet corporate
social
> responsibility to "neighbouring" oil communities to stem their unrests
> despite the Supreme Court's April 5 ruling on offshore/onshore dichotomy
> which ousted the jurisdiction of littoral states from the planned area of
> the FPSO's operation.
> Mr. Nnimmo Bassey, Executive Director of ERA, who highlighted these
concerns
> to Daily Independent, described the FPSO as "a monster rearing its head"
in
> the conflict-ridden waters.


> According to the Benin-City, Edo State-based NGO, Shell's FPSO poses
special
> dangers to the Niger Delta environment because the Federal Government may
> not have the competence to monitor it effectively to ensure that the oil
> giant does not transfer the onshore pollution of farmlands, fishing and
> portable water sources of Niger Delta communities to marine pollution
> offshore.
> The consequences of killing fishes and other sea fauna and flora are both
> predictable and preventable. Moreover, the probability of fishes ingesting
> pollutant chemicals, which are passed onto humans in the food chain, poses
> other potential health hazards where SPDC would moor its FPSO in 1,000
> metres' depth of water at its Bonga Oilfield.


> He also wondered whether SPDC, would operate it safely so that no minute
> leakage would result in an environmental catastrophe for the region. "As a
> preliminary consideration, think what could happen if the recent Supreme
> Court judgement stands and the Niger Delta people see that they have no
> stake in offshore oil. Would that facility be safe? Should anything happen
> to this monster, no matter how small a leakage, an environmental
catastrophe
> will be on our hands," Bassey said.
> According to a Shell executive, the FPSO will be operated as an integrated
> flow station, processing terminal and living camp for up to 95 persons.
All
> the facilities and equipment needed in the crude oil and associated gas
> production and export chain are on it. Its operations would be monitored
> from central control room located on the accommodation deck.
> The ERA boss said oil production and processing activities are being
shifted
> offshore, because "it saves money for the oil mogul while it tightens the
> noose around the necks" of communities residents. For, oil exploitation
> activities had generated conflicts in the Niger Delta and elsewhere around
> the world because of the "brazen disregard of social and environmental
> concerns." For even the National Assembly is yet to make public and
> Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report, which is mandatory for a
> project of such magnitude, as demanded by the Environmental Impact
> Assessment Act 86 of 1992.
> The ERA boss explained that offshore operations are attractive because
local
> communities would not pry into the activities of oil companies, expenses
on
> good neighbourliness would be minimized, toxic wastes could de dumped at
sea
> without opposition of regard for environmental accountability, the
> inadequate clean-up of onshore oil spills could now be ignored completely,
> while endangered livelihoods and human rights abuses could thrive offshore
> without witnesses.
>
>
>
> SOURCE: DAILY INDEPENDENT (Lagos), JUNE 17 - 23, 2002, PAGE B6
>
> CAPTION: SHELL'S FPSO POSES SERIOUS DANGERS
>
>
> AUTHOR: NNIMMO BASSEY
>
> Shell's two million barrel-capacity Floating Production Storage and
> Offloading (FPSO) vessel is one of the monsters rearing its heads in our
> waters. It saves money for the oil moguls and tightens the noose around
our
> necks. This particular FPSO will pose special dangers. As a preliminary
> consideration, think what could happen if the recent Supreme Court
judgment
> stands and the Niger Delta people see that they have no stake in offshore
> oil. Think about it. Would that facility be safe? How would it be
protected?
> Would it have a battalion of soldiers stationed on it? (I know there will
be
> a cantonment on it). Should anything happen to this monster, no matter how
> small a leakage, an environmental catastrophe will be on our hands. If a
> more serious accident happens, our continental shelf will be highly
> threatened.
> It is interesting that oil activities are shifting offshore. But this
> Shell's FPSO has no rival in size and capacity. The nearest to it (in
sheer
> monstrosity) in African waters may be the Congolese off-shore N'Kossa
> concrete barge ever built. This barge measures 200 metres by 36 metres and
> is 16 metres deep. This concrete monster weighs 110,000 tons.
> While our National Assembly members are busy squabbling over who gets what
> contract, we hear nothing about the EIA on the project. Onshore oil/gas
> exploitation has predictably generated conflicts due to the brazen
disregard
> of social and environmental concerns and today, the Trans National
> Corporations (TNCs) are literally heading offshore so that they may well
do
> as they please.
> .    Offshore is attractive for many reasons among which is that TNCs'
> activities are
>      removed from the immediate view of local communities.
> * Less needs to be spent on requirements of good neighbourliness. Once out
> in the seas, TNCs claim they have no neighbours. No stakeholders.
> * Toxic wastes can be dumped into deep waters with less resistance or need
> for environmental accountability. More than 6,000,000 metric tons of crude
> oil is leaked into the world's continental shelf each year. The mother of
> them all is in the making here.
> * Not one oil spill has ever been adequately cleaned up in the Niger
Delta.
> Not one. Rivers and forests have been set on fire in attempts to remove
> spills. By far the more popular method has been skimming the crude off the
> water surface. That only begins to be effective in calm waters. Not in
> locations far out into troubled waters.
> * Fisheries and other marine life will be gravely impacted. Some species
may
> be completely wiped out. Crude oil spills block off sunlight from
> penetrating into the waters and also decreases the amount of dissolved
> oxygen in the water.
> * The livelihood of our people will be negatively impacted.
> * Some impacts may be more insidious and less readily noticed.
> * Human rights abuses can thrive here with no witnesses.
> * No one knows the full, long-term impacts of this facility.
> These are not speculations but the stark reality. With a Federal
Government
> that believes that there can be extractive business without stakeholders,
> Shell will not only make a financial kill; it will literally kill our
> environment. ERA is absolutely opposed to this project.
> Mr. Nnimmo Bassey is Executive Director, Environmental Rights
Action/Friends
> of the Earth Nigeria (ERA/FoEN), Benin City, Edo State.
>
>
>
>
> SOURCE: DAILY INDEPENDENT MAY 27 - JUNE 2, 2002, PAGE B1
>
> CAPTION: SHELL ACQUIRES WORLD'S LARGEST OIL VESSEL
>
> AUTHOR: UWAKWE ABUGU
>
> Shell in Nigeria has acquired an oil vessel said to be the largest of its
> kind in the world with storage capacity of 2,000,000 barrels for its Bonga
> field located in water depths of 1,000 metres off the Niger Delta.
> The vessel, described as the Floating Production Storage and Offloading
> (FPSO), was manufactured in Koje Island, South Korea and will be towed to
> Newcastle, UK, by September this year from where it will sail to Nigeria
in
> the third quarter of 2003.
> Shell's Bonga Venture manager, Norman Macleod said "the FPSO is designed
to
> perform the combined flow station, processing terminal and living camp
role
> for at least 20 years.
> "Like all FPSOs, that of Bonga is an aggregate of all the facilitie
>








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