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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] Chairmans Summary - Multi-stakeholder Dialogue
Fecha:Viernes, 22 de Febrero, 2002  19:26:33 (-0400)
Autor:Amigos en Defensa de la Gran Sabana.AMIGRANSA/ Orinoco Oilwatch <amigrans @............ve>

 
 
Estimados amigos de Lea 
 
La Sociedad de Amigos en defensa de la Gran Sabana, Amigransa como parte de 
su Agenda de Trabajo ha participado en las reuniones preparatorias I y II 
(Csd 10 Prep Com I, y Prep Com II) para la Cumbre Mundial de Desarrollo 
Sostenible  (WSSD) a realizarse en Johannesburgo en el mes de agosto 
proximo.Tomando en cuenta que para los amigos de la lista podria ser de 
interes los temas que se estan trabajando en estas reuniones les estamos 
enviando el documento resumen del Presidente de la Segunda Reunion 
Preparatoria ( Prep Com II) de la Comision de Desarrollo Sostenible en 
relacion al Dialogo de los Interesados  que se llevo a cabo en New York 
como parte de la Segunda reunion preparatoria para WSSD. 
 
Es de nuestro mayor interes difundir esta informacion con el fin de 
informar y fomentar la participacion de ONGs y movimientos sociales en 
estos Foros internacionales. 
 
Estamos a su orden para cualquier informacion 
 
Ing Alica Garcia 
Lic. Maria Eugenia BUstamante 
 
AMIGRANSA 
 
------------------------------- 
Below please find copy of the Chairmanís Summary of the Multi-stakeholder 
Dialogue Segment of PrepCom 2 for WSSD. 
 
With best regards. 
 
Zehra Aydin Sipos 
Major Groups Relationship Coordinator 
Johannesburg Summit Secretariat 
United Nations 
 
 
Chairmanís Summary of the Multi-stakeholder Dialogue Segment 
 
1.      The second preparatory committee of the World Summit on Sustainable 
Development included a multi-stakeholder dialogue segment from 29-31 
January 2002, involving all nine major groups of Agenda 21 and governments. 
The segment consisted of four sessions within the Committeeís meeting, 
starting with a plenary discussion focusing on the overall progress 
achieved and hotspots for future action, continuing with two parallel 
discussion groups (one on integrated approaches to sectoral and 
cross-sectoral areas of sustainable development and the other on enabling 
and promoting multi-stakeholder participation in sustainable development 
institutions) and a final plenary aiming to identify new opportunities for 
partnerships to implement sustainable development. 
 
 
General Observations 
 
2.      The dialogues showed enthusiasm among governments and major groups 
to engage in partnerships and develop implementation initiatives for 
achieving sustainable development. It was agreed that accountable, 
responsible, innovative and equal partnerships are crucial for integrated 
approaches to sustainable development. Such partnership would also 
recognize that the fundamental principle of sustainable development is 
diversity and not seek a monoculture of views. Rather than seeking one 
common vision, efforts would acknowledge diversity but agree to work on 
finding the areas of commonality and take action in partnership on these 
areas and goals. 
 
3.      All participants highlighted the many opportunities that exist for 
partnership at all levels, but particularly at the local and national 
levels. A proposal called for local councils for sustainable development, 
to enhance the work of the councils at the national level. There was 
general agreement to further explore the potential partnerships identified, 
such as those between NGOs and Local Authorities (aiming for poverty 
eradication and rural development), youth and young professionals (on 
issues of unemployment and youth participation), business and other major 
groups (on issues of corporate accountability) and trade unions and local 
authorities (on promoting local and workplace based initiatives). 
 
4.      The discussions also explored issues related to participation 
mechanisms. There was an overall agreement on the need to institutionalize 
the multi-stakeholder dialogue process at all levels to enhance 
partnerships for sustainability. Participants strongly favored the 
involvement of major groups in decision-making at all levels, following a 
bottom up and rights-based approach to the governance of sustainable 
development implementation processes. A framework for multi-stakeholder 
participation that would enhance participation and facilitate partnerships 
was considered a necessary and constructive step. It was highlighted that 
such a framework should ensure a level playing field, be transparent, and 
based on mutual trust and respect for rights. 
 
5.      There was overall agreement that poverty alleviation and economic 
stability are key to environmental and social sustainability. Proposals 
were made for more focus on decent employment and sustainable job creation, 
particularly for women, youth, and vulnerable groups. There were strong 
calls for increased cooperation between all actors to address issues in 
areas such as mining, land ownership, resource management, privatization of 
public utilities (especially water sector), changing production and 
consumption behavior, monitoring corporate activity, and reducing 
corruption. 
 
6.      The growing debt burden of developing countries was raised as a 
priority, and some major groups appealed for debt cancellation. Numerous 
major group participants also offered ideas for alternative financing 
measures. Among those ideas put forward were a self-financing World 
Marshall Plan to combat poverty, and a proposal for an international energy 
fund. Major groups also suggested priority be given to investments in 
education, training and strengthening the knowledge base, and capacity 
building in science and technology, especially in developing countries and 
among women, youth, indigenous peoples and marginalized sectors of society. 
 
 
7.      Knowledge, information access, sustainable development education 
and related training were raised as key elements of accelerating 
implementation efforts. The need for innovations in science and technology 
to help alleviate poverty and address issues related to water, energy and 
climate change was highlighted. Numerous calls were made for improved 
monitoring of the Earthís systems and free access to the resulting data. 
Offers for cooperation were made by the Scientific community in a variety 
of areas including dissemination of science and technology, increasing 
access to information and communication, efficiency in production 
processes, energy, and education. 
 
8.      Major groups supported regional and local approaches to sustainable 
development. The success of local initiatives and partnerships were 
acknowledged, and strong calls were made for further capacity building at 
the local level. Building capacity for effective major group participation, 
as well as disseminating best practices were strongly supported. 
 
9.      Most participants supported increased participation by young people 
at all levels of governance. It was also agreed that gender is a critical 
issue and gender-disaggregated data and information would need to be 
further developed. Various major groups proposed adding other groups to the 
on-going dialogue on sustainable development, such as Educators, the Media, 
the Advertising Industry, the Consumers and the Consumer Protection 
community. 
 
10.     Peace and stability were also seen as prerequisites of sustainable 
development, and calls were made for inter-governmental support for major 
group participation in this area. The importance of promoting the values 
and ethics of sustainable development was raised in this context. 
 
 
Summaries of the Sessions 
 
Opening Plenary: general discussion on progress achieved and hotspots 
 
11.     In their opening statement, Women recalled Agenda 21ís 
identification of women as stewards of the environment and essential actors 
in sustainable development, and presented a number of successes in Africa 
and Asia where solutions to land acquisition and alternative banking 
systems were initiated through womenís efforts. Youth pointed to successes 
with youth-to-youth initiatives and youth-led programs dealing with issues 
such as HIV/AIDS, and noted with appreciation the gradual increase in the 
inclusion of youth in country delegations. 
 
12.     Successes noted by indigenous people included increased 
transnational partnerships, their inclusion as a major group in Agenda 21, 
the establishment of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Peoples, examples 
of national laws and policies to protect indigenous peoplesí rights, and 
their increased participation at the international level. NGOs recalled the 
success of UNCED in building a conceptual link between environment and 
development, forging the basis for a North-South deal, and introducing 
sustainable development as a global objective; as well as the pioneering 
efforts since UNCED for dialogues between government and civil society. 
 
13.     Local authorities noted successes in delivering sustainable 
development through Local Agenda 21 initiatives in which long-term 
approaches to planning and multi-stakeholder participation are integral 
elements, and pointed out that cumulative local actions translate to 
national success. Successes identified by the Trade Unions included an 
emerging vision for addressing issues through public policies, and 
meaningful efforts to include sustainable development concepts in health 
and safety through joint action in the workplace. They highlighted the 
importance of giving priority to the social dimension of sustainable 
development, and in particular to the linkage between employment and 
poverty eradication, in the next phase of work. 
 
14.     Business and industry highlighted progress in partnership 
initiatives and success in seeing sustainable development as good business, 
and provided several examples to demonstrate these points. Scientific and 
technological communities praised progress achieved in reducing 
uncertainties regarding the functioning of the Earth, noted success in new 
scientific ventures aiming for sustainable development and highlighted the 
need for partnerships between the social and economic disciplines as well 
as among communities. 
 
15.     Farmers noted progress made in acknowledging the role of farmers, 
sustainable management of resources, increased partnerships, institutional 
and economic reforms for decentralized decision making to include farmers 
at local levels, new policies and programs to strengthen the role of women 
to achieve food security, improved quality of agricultural products and 
reduced environmental impacts, and sustainable farming through 
certification schemes and awareness campaigns. 
 
16.     A number of barriers to progress were highlighted by different 
major groups including: 
 
(a)     The growing poverty gap especially in rural areas, 
(b)     Failure to meet the goal of allocating 0.7% of national GNP to ODA, 
(c)     Continuing marginalization of women, lack of gender equality in 
government policies, the continuing gap between menís and womenís access to 
and management of resources, and poorly implemented obligations of 
governments and other stakeholders, 
(d)     Lack of support for formal and non-formal education, 
(e)     Failure to stem corruption, 
(f)     Lack of political commitment to the existing legal frameworks shown 
by the low rate of ratification of the Kyoto and Cartagena Protocols, as 
well as lack of adequate follow-up to the non-binding agreements; and 
insufficient support for other international instruments such as the UN 
Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the various ILO 
Conventions on workersí and indigenous peoplesí rights, 
(g)     Lack of proper, reliable and participatory monitoring of 
implementation of binding and non-binding agreements related to sustainable 
development, 
(h)     Inadequate efforts to change unsustainable consumption and 
production patterns, particularly in developed countries; and continuing 
unsustainable practices that adversely affect indigenous and local 
communities, as well as women and youth, 
(i)     Lack of adequate national plans and basic institutional frameworks 
for sustainable agriculture, 
(j)     Inadequate efforts to tackle detrimental impacts of globalization 
on health, livelihood, food security, industrial relations, and culture 
among other areas, 
(k)     Increasing conflicts over land and resources between indigenous and 
local communities, and corporate actors, 
(l)     Lack of programs to regulate sources of environmental degradation, 
address global development governance and outline plans for implementation 
and compliance, 
(m)     Insufficient attention to address the adverse impacts of 
globalization, deregulation, privatization and WTO policies, 
(n)     Rising military conflicts and increasing financial allocations to 
defense budgets, 
(o)     Insufficient scientific and professional expertise, especially in 
developing countries, 
(p)     Poor coordination and cooperation between governmental institutions 
and the resulting fragmentation of policies and programs related to 
sustainability, 
(q)     Lack of political will to promote joint workplace approaches to change, 
(r)     Lack of sufficient commitment to ensure national and international 
good governance, 
(s)     Insufficient efforts for sustainable development education; 
inadequate access to knowledge, information, and other resources, as well 
as lack of capacity, and 
(t)     Lack of youth participation in decision-making in general. 
 
17.     Statements from Egypt and the EU strongly supported the focus on 
poverty eradication and partnerships but also appealed to the major groups 
for their help with identifying concrete deliverables for the Summit and 
for sustainable development work beyond this milestone. Bangladesh and 
others emphasized participation and integration of the multi-stakeholder 
dialogue processes as a key instrument for successful sustainable 
development action in the community, workplace and at the national level. 
The EU underscored its commitment to support NGO participation in 
decision-making processes in sustainable development at all levels in the 
WSSD framework, and Japan supported creation of information platforms for 
NGO activities. Governmental and non-governmental participants supported 
partnership-based approaches to future sustainable development 
implementation efforts. 
 
18.     There was general support for greater participation of civil 
society in trade related intergovernmental spheres, such as the WTO 
negotiations, as a way to ensure more equitable benefits from 
globalization. In response to calls made by stakeholders on its increased 
role in sustainable development, the ILO confirmed its commitment. 
Discussion on corporate accountability and better dialogue led to an 
invitation by NGOs to business and industry to work together in this area. 
Business and industry accepted, and other stakeholders also indicated 
interest in participating. 
 
19.     There was overall support for a greater role for science and 
technology to formulate comprehensive scenarios for the future and 
collaborate with other stakeholders in building on local scientific 
capacity, especially in developing countries. The role of media and 
education was reflected in Hungaryís support for considering Media and 
Educators as major groups. There was support for active engagement of youth 
in the national councils for sustainable development. 
 
20.     Participants made a number of proposals including: 
 
(a)     Integrating multi-stakeholder participation into national 
sustainable development planning processes; 
(b)     Strengthening partnerships among governments, intergovernmental 
bodies, and major groups based on accountability and transparency; 
(c)     Taking a rights-based approach to sustainable development; 
(d)     Strengthening the CSD and the role of major groups within this body; 
(e)     Guaranteeing womenís rights and ensure their full participation in 
enabling sustainable economic, environmental and social development; and 
achieving gender balance in government institutions by 2005; 
(f)     Convening a youth summit prior to WSSD, and including youth in the 
official government delegations to the Summit; 
(g)     Creating government departments or agencies for youth in all 
nations by 2005; 
(h)     Allocating 20% of ODA to sustainable development education and to 
sustainable development initiatives of young people; and integrating 
sustainable development into all education programs; 
(i)     Creating information exchange platforms for NGOs and other major groups;

(j)     Designing operational plans for future sustainable development work 
on the basis of common but differentiated responsibilities and the 
precautionary principle; 
(k)     Reviving the North-South compact that was reached in Rio; 
(l)     Launching a process for a framework convention on corporate 
accountability; reforming international financial institutions; and 
regulating financial markets; 
(m)     Using the workplace as basis for tackling public health problems 
such as HIV/AIDS; 
(n)     Strengthening the capacity of local authorities to build on their 
proven successes; recognizing local leadership in generating best practices 
and local cooperation; 
(o)     Supporting local programs, including those in the workplace, to 
promote sustainable production and consumption; 
(p)     Using the principle of prior informed consent as a standard crucial 
to promoting and protecting indigenous peoplesí right to 
self-determination; and 
(q)     Convening a conference of scientists in parallel with the 
Johannesburg Summit. 
 
 
Discussion Group I: Progress achieved in applying integrated approaches to 
sectoral and cross-sectoral objectives of sustainable development. 
 
21.     Participating major groups highlighted some successes in integrated 
approaches, including: increased willingness to take responsibility for 
environmentally sustainable development; use of low-tech options for health 
and sanitation, agriculture, energy and conflict reduction; creating 
business management systems to encompass all aspects of sustainability; and 
involvement by many communities in the Local Agenda 21 programmes. 
 
22.     A number of challenges and priority areas that could benefit from 
more integrated approaches were identified, including: 
 
(a)     Prioritizing issues of poverty and inequality, 
(b)     Seeing economic stability as a prerequisite for sustainability, 
(c)     Seeing the workplace as a tool for integrated approaches, 
(d)     Addressing unemployment, 
(e)     Ensuring access to affordable and secure water and energy resources, 
(f)     Investing in agriculture to address rural poverty and support the 
role of farmers, 
(g)     Increasing interdisciplinary scientific research, 
(h)     Increasing cooperation for sustainable development education at all 
levels, 
(i)     Increasing awareness of sustainable production and consumption, 
(j)     Meeting the agreed ODA targets and seeking synergies with private 
investment, 
(k)     Eliminating corruption in public and private sectors, 
(l)     Mainstreaming gender and developing gender-disaggregated data, and 
(m)     Developing science and technology that integrates the three pillars 
of sustainable development using participatory approaches involving 
relevant stakeholders. 
 
23.     In the course of the dialogue, many governments supported 
suggestions for integrated efforts for sustainable development in formal 
and non-formal education initiatives, youth participation, access to 
scientific and technological information and data resources, and 
cooperation among stakeholders and across sectors. Brazil supported the 
important role of scientific research and development in capacity building 
and data provision. Samoa and the Republic of Korea stressed regional and 
sub-regional development models in addressing issues such as climate 
change, and access to water and energy resources. 
 
 
 
******************************************************* 
 
AMIGRANSA. Sociedad de Amigos en Defensa de la Gran Sabana 
Direccion: Apartado Postal 50460.Caracas 1050-A. Venezuela 
Tel y Fax  +58 (212) 992 1884 / Tel +58 (212) 693 9480 
e-mail:    AmiGranSa <amigrans@...> 
 
La Sociedad de Amigos en defensa de la Gran Sabana es 
una asociacion civil sin fines de lucro,constituida en abril 
de 1986 para la preservacion, conservacion y defensa del 
patrimonio ecologico -cultural de la Gran Sabana, Parque Nacional Canaima 
(Tierra de Tepuis), la Cuenca del rio Caroni y de todas aquellas areas 
pertenecientes al Macizo Guayanes. De igual manera unimos nuestros 
esfuerzos para que se respeten  los derechos de los Pueblos Indigenas que 
habitan estos territorios ancestrales y apoyamos la defensa que estos hacen 
para preservarlos 
junto a su cultura milenaria. 
 
Nos hemos sumado a esta causa por un profundo amor a la 
naturaleza y porque estamos convencidos que el repeto al mundo 
natural y a las leyes ecologicas, son una de las vias primordiales 
hacia el bienestar y la supervivencia de la humanidad. 
 
AMIGRANSA la integran un grupo de profesionales de 
distintas disciplinas,jovenes, estudiantes y una amplia red de 
colaboradores formada por habitantes de la Gran Sabana, cientificos y 
otros amantes de la naturaleza. El trabajo en AMIGRANSA esta basado en 
el voluntariado. 
 
 
********** 
 
RED ALERTA PETROLERA-ORINOCO OILWATCH 
Coordinacion y secretaria: AMIGRANSA 
e-mail: ORINOCO-OILWATCH <amigrans@...>,&lN;AMIGRANSA_OILWATCH@...> 
 
En el mes de agosto de 1996,la organizaci§n ambientalista 
AMIGRANSA- Sociedad de Amigos en defensa de la Gran 
Sabana, promueve  la creaci§n  en Venezuela de la 
RED ALERTA PETROLERA (Orinoco-Oilwatch),filial venezolana de 
OILWATCH, organizaci§n internacional de resistencia 
a la actividad petrolera en los tr§picos y vigilancia de los impactos 
ambientales y sociales de dicha actividad, nacida en Quito, Ecuador, donde 
se encuentra la Secretaria Internacional de Oilwatch 
 
En la RED ALERTA PETROLERA-ORINOCO OILWATCH, hemos 
considerado prioritario por su urgencia y su gravedad, 
solicitar una MORATORIA a la activid petrolera en areas de alta fragilidad 
ambiental y social; realizar el estudio de la problemÖtica de la zona Delta 
del Orinoco/ Golfo de Paria en el extremo oriente del paˆs, en la 
desembocadura del Rˆo Orinoco, habitat de la ªtnia indˆgena Warao; las 
secuelas de la 
explotaci§n de petr§leo, carb§n y gas en el Edo. Zulia, el resultado de las 
'asociaciones estratªgicas' en la faja petrolˆfera del Orinoco y la 
deuda ecol§gica. 
 
Sus voceros forman parte de grupos ecologistas, de pueblos indigenas, 
instituciones academicas y de investigacion, grupos defensores de los 
derechos humanos, grupos de pescadores y de otras poblaciones locales 
afectadas por los impactos de mega-proyectos petroleros,gasiferos y 
petroquimicos . 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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