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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] Fwd: Invitation to participate in e-discussion on Environment and Poverty Linkag
Fecha:Domingo, 3 de Febrero, 2002  04:37:19 (EST)
Autor:Moigis <Moigis @...com>

Paso la invitacion del Banco Mundial que llego a mi cuenta.....
atentamente
a. moigis

> Welcome to an electronic discussion:
>  
>   Linking Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management: Policy Challenges 
> and
>                                   Opportunities
>  
>                            (February 1 - June 30, 2002)
>  
>      (Based on a consultation draft prepared by: Department for 
International
>     Development, UK; Directorate General for Development, European 
Commission;
> 
>             United Nations Development Programme; and The World Bank)
>  
>  
>       Linking Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management  focuses on 
ways 
> to
>  reduce poverty and sustain growth through sound and equitable environmental
>  management. It seeks to draw out the links between poverty and the 
> environment,
>  and to demonstrate that sound and equitable environmental management is a
>  prerequisite for effective and sustained poverty reduction. The paper looks
>  ahead with some degree of optimism for the future - there are sometimes 
win-
> win
>  opportunities and there are rational ways of dealing with trade-offs. The 
> paper
>  provides evidence and emphasizes that:
>  
>     Poverty and the environment are closely linked
>  
>  The links between poverty and environment arise in terms of three vitally
>  important dimensions of poverty reduction - livelihoods, health, and
>  vulnerability.  The poor are strongly dependent on natural resources for 
> their
>  livelihoods.  A polluted environment, particularly unclean water and 
indoor 
> air
>  pollution, affects the poor adversely.  The poor are particularly 
vulnerable 
> to
>  environmental stress and disasters such as droughts and floods.
>  
>     Policy opportunities exist to reduce poverty and improve the environment
>  
>  The paper argues that, in the search for solutions, there is a need to go 
> beyond
>  a narrow focus on 'environmental management' in order to tackle the root 
> causes
>  of degradation.  There is also a need to go beyond the notion of the 
> environment
>  as a restriction on development, and realize the opportunities for poverty
>  reduction that sound environmental management can provide. Areas for reform
>  include:
>  
>  Improving governance, as a means to establish a more effective and 
'pro-poor'
> 
>  policy and institutional environment. Anti-corruption measures are 
important 
> as
>  corruption can play a major role in the misuse of natural resources and 
weak
>  enforcement of environmental regulations. Policy, legislative and 
regulatory
>  processes need to ensure the effective participation of poor people;
>  
>  Protecting and expanding the asset base of the poor. Improving tenurial 
> regimes
>  can be a highly effective means of enhancing natural resource management.  
> Women
>  play key roles in managing natural resources and are particularly affected 
> by
>  environmental degradation.  Strengthening resource rights for women is a 
> vital
>  area for reform. Expanded social protection, better access to climate
>  information and measures to protect infrastructure and improve disaster
>  preparedness can help to reduce the poor's exposure to environmental 
shocks.
>  
>  Paying attention to the quality of growth. Growth is a necessary but not
>  sufficient condition for poverty reduction.  Countries with very similar 
> levels
>  of income and growth can have quite different levels of environmental
>  performance, depending on their economic and environmental policies  
> Countries
>  that degrade their environment heavily also risk inhibiting their future
>  economic growth.  Economic decisions need to integrate poverty-environment
>  concerns and consider the full value of environmental goods and services.
>  
>  Reforming international policies on trade, investment, global public 
goods, 
> and
>  aid in order to better support developing country efforts to address
>  poverty-environment concerns.  Industrialized country subsidies that lead 
to
>  unsustainable exploitation of resources need to be reformed.  Better 
access 
> for
>  developing countries to markets in OECD countries can contribute 
> considerably to
>  poverty reduction.  Environmental standards for trade can support 
> sustainable
>  development efforts in developing countries. In the context of global 
> climate
>  change, an effective international agreement on curbing greenhouse gas 
> emissions
>  and enhancing carbon sequestration is essential.
>  
>  
*****************************************************************************
> ***********************
>  
>  This e-discussion solicits comments and suggestions on the paper.  Your
>  contributions may influence the final version of the paper which will be
>  available at the WSSD.
>  
>  Contributions are encouraged on all aspects of the environment and poverty
>  linkages covered in the draft. However, the authors specifically request
>  participant contributions on the following two main themes of the paper:
>  
>  1.  Poverty-environment links:  Do you agree that the major links have been
>  captured?  Have they been persuasively described and exemplified?  Do you 
> have
>  other case studies, examples or references to offer?
>  
>  2.  Policy responses:  Do you agree with the policy proposals that are 
> outlined
>  in general in the paper? What additional ones would you suggest?  What 
> further
>  detail would you add to make the proposals more specific?
>  
>  
>  
*****************************************************************************
> ************************
>  
>  1. To join the discussion and set mail preferences go to:
>  
>  http://vx.worldbank.org/cgi-bin/lyris.pl?enter=env-rio-10
>  
>  
>  2.  If you do not have access to the internet then, to join the 
discussion, 
> send
>  a blank email to:
>  
>  env-rio-10@...
>  
>   You may subsequently indicate your mail preferences by sending an email to
>  lyris@... with the following command in the body of the 
> message:
>  
>  set env-rio-10 digest
>  (to receive one daily digest containing all the messages of the day)
>  
>  set env-rio-10 index
>  (to receive one daily index of subject lines of the messages of the day)
>  
>  set env-rio-10 nomail
>  (to receive no mail ? a good option if you are away or not going to access 
> the
>  email for a week or longer time period)
>  
>  
>  Thank you for your participation and we look forward to an interesting
>  discussion.
>  
>  With best regards,
>  Rama Reddy
>  
>  
>  Rama Chandra Reddy
>  Environment and Social Development Division
>  Africa Region
>  The World Bank
>  Washington DC 20433
>  Tel: 202-458-4695
>  Email: rreddy1@...
>  _______________________________________________________________
>  Apologies for multiple cross postings. We are trying to ensure wide 
> partcipation
>  in the electronic discussion
>  
>  
>  



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