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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] biopirateria: shamanes brasileros quieren hacer como los venezolanos
Fecha:Sabado, 24 de Noviembre, 2001  20:48:25 (-0400)
Autor:Interfaz Amazonica <interfaz @.....net>


biopirateria: shamanes brasileros quieren hacer como los venezolanos


Title:   Brazilian shamans to discuss biopiracy, protection of practices

Summary:     Rio de Janeiro, Nov 23, 2001 (EFE via COMTEX) -- Medicine men
and shamanistic healers from the Brazilian Amazon plan to meet in December,
in the northern town of Sao Luis, to discuss how to protect their ancestral
wisdom from biopiracy, according to spokespersons.

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Source:  Agencia EFE
Date:  11/23/2001 14:30
Price:  Free
Document Size:  Very Short (403 words)
Document ID:  FC20011123230000051
Subject(s):  Efe; Bank; Biotechnology; Brazil; Delaware; Dna; Doctors;
Federal; Government; Market; Medicine; Men; New Jersey; Patent; Property;
Regulations; Science; Species; Switzerland; University; Venezuela




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Brazilian shamans to discuss biopiracy, protection of practices

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Story Filed: Friday, November 23, 2001 2:30 PM EST

Rio de Janeiro, Nov 23, 2001 (EFE via COMTEX) -- Medicine men and
shamanistic healers from the Brazilian Amazon plan to meet in December, in
the northern town of Sao Luis, to discuss how to protect their ancestral
wisdom from biopiracy, according to spokespersons.

The meeting is being organized by the National Institute of Patent Rights
(INPI).

"We want something similar to what Venezuela did, where they have a data
bank with 9,000 traditional practices," the president of INPI, Jose Graza
Aranha, told EFE.

"The idea is to better distribute the benefits," Graza Aranha explained.
"The data bank will let anyone who is interested, have access to the
information, following the payment of royalties which will go to the
indigenous communities."

The meeting of medicine men or "pajes," as they are known in Brazil, will
take place Dec. 4-6 in Sao Luis, some 2,725 kilometers (1,693 miles) north
of Rio de Janeiro.

According to authorities, there are 200,000 native species known in Brazil
which accounts for 23 percent of the biodiversity on the planet.

The government estimates that 97 percent of the 4,000 patents taken out on
natural products in Brazil between 1995 and 2000, were requested by
foreigners.

Professor Dharani Sundaram from Mato Grosso Federal University says
biopiracy has gone to the extreme of patenting mother's milk in the
production of yogurt.

"The multinationals are plundering everything since Brazil has very weak
laws" and "very often pirates operate hidden behind scientific cooperation
projects and eco-tourism."

Genetic material samples are illegally taken out of Brazil in just about
every way, some have been discovered hidden in the soles of shoes, Sundaram
said.

"In a laboratory in New Jersey, DNA from Brazilian Indians can be purchased
for $500," said Sundaram.

The medicine men and shamanistic doctors gathering in Sao Luis will explain
their position on the matter and draft a letter that will be taken by INPI
to a meeting of the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property in
Geneva, Switzerland.

The world market for patents of natural products grosses some $780 billion
annually and has no established regulations.

According to Graza Aranha, fighting piracy is "a priority for the Brazilian
government," which in March inaugurated a center for biotechnology in
Manaos, in the very heart of the Amazon.

ei/wl/mrm

http://www.efe.es

Copyright (c) 2001. Agencia EFE S.A.


KEYWORD:          Rio de Janeiro
SUBJECT CODE:     ECO
                  BRAZIL
                  BIOPIRACY

Copyright © 2001, Agencia EFE, all rights reserved.


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