|Asunto:||[LEA-Venezuela] (En Ingles) Interes Petrolero en bombardeo a Afghanistan|
|Fecha:||Viernes, 9 de Noviembre, 2001 21:40:16 (-0400)|
|Autor:||Interfaz Amazonica <interfaz @.....net>
----- Original Message -----
From: Project Underground <cbaldi@...>
Sent: Thursday, November 08, 2001 7:35 PM
Subject: PLEASE READ: Important letter to our Supporters
It was brought to our attention that we sourced a right-wing extremist,
neo-nazi news outlet for the story "How Oil Interests Play Out in US Bombing
of Afghanistan" in the last issue of Drillbits & Tailings. The information
was sourced from the "American Free Press" and a writer named Christopher
Bollyn. The cited facts are accurate and can be found in other reliable
sources which we have used to replace the American Free Press sources in the
revised version of the article that follows.
Project Underground fundamentally opposes the ideologies and organizing
tactics of groups such as the American Free Press. Our work is based on the
Jemez Principles For Democratic Organizing and our own institutional goals
of dismantling oppression. Project underground is dedicated to building an
organization and a world free from racist, homophobic and gender-based
We DO NOT lend any credibility to sources such as the American Free Press
and retract any reference made in the October 2001 issue of Drillbits &
Tailings. We regret the error and apologize to our readers who were
understandably offended by our reference to a hateful and abhorrent
organization. Project Underground and Drillbits & Tailings are committed to
accuracy and integrity in our goals of exposing the human rights abuses of
the oil and mining industries, transmitting community voices and struggles
to our constituency and supporting the human rights of communities resisting
mining and oil exploitation.
The Jemez Principles can be found on our website at:
Please call or email me with any questions at 510-705-8981 or
**Please replace your copy of the story "How Oil Interests Play Out in US
Bombing of Afghanistan" with the following recent version:
HOW OIL INTERESTS PLAY OUT IN US BOMBING OF AFGHANISTAN
We have synthesized a number of current analyses into some key facts about
how oil ties into the US government's long time involvement in Central Asia
and its hopes of accessing the oil and gas riches of the area. Oil is
clearly not the only force operating, and this is not a comprehensive
analysis, but it is an important piece of a complicated political and
The United States has yet to provide concrete evidence that Osama bin Laden
was behind the attacks, but has pursued a bombing campaign anyway against
the Taliban and bin Laden with millions of innocent Afghanis caught in the
middle. Some analysts are projecting a post-war
Afghanistan where the US military is used as "pipeline police." Following
are some key points in how US oil interests play into the current so-called
"war on terrorism."
CENTRAL ASIA includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan,
Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan, parts of India and China. For a map
of the area go to: http://www.askasia.org/image/maps/cntasia1.htm
THE CASPIAN BASIN includes the Caspian Sea and surrounding countries,
Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Georgia. For a map of
the area go to: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/caspgrph.html
THE PERSIAN/ARABIAN GULF STATES include Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait,
Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman. For a map of the area go to:
*THE CENTRAL ASIAN REPUBLICS AND THE CASPIAN BASIN ARE STAGGERINGLY
The Caspian Basin has an estimated US$5 trillion of oil and gas resources.
Central Asia has enormous quantities of undeveloped oil resources including
6.6 trillion cubic meters of natural gas and 10 billion barrels of
undeveloped oil reserves. (2)
Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan are the two major gas producers in Central Asia.
Turkmenistan contains the world's eighth largest natural gas reserves. (3)
*THE UNITED STATES IS RESOURCE POOR AND THE LARGEST CONSUMER OF OIL:
The United States has only 3% of the world's known oil reserves. (4)
Imports accounts for 60% of America's daily oil consumption, 13% of that
comes from Persian/Arabian Gulf States which produce 18% of the world's
supply of oil.
With less than 5% of the world's population, the US accounts for over 25% of
the world's oil consumption (5).
The United States would like to control Caspian Sea and Central Asian oil in
order reduce dependency on oil from the Persian/Arabian Gulf, which it
*PIPELINE ROUTES ARE KEY TO ACCESSING OIL AND GAS WEALTH FROM THE
"Those who control the oil routes out of Central Asia will impact all future
direction and quantities of flow and the distribution of revenues from new
production," said energy expert James Dorian in Oil & Gas Journal on
September 10, 2001.
The only existing export routes from the Caspian Basin lead through Russia.
Investors in Caspian oil and gas are interested in building alternative
pipelines to Turkey, Europe and Asia (6). Afghanistan occupies a strategic
position between the Middle East, Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent
and lies squarely between Turkmenistan and the lucrative, desirable and
growing markets of India, China and Japan.
U.S. oil companies have been negotiating with the post-Soviet republics of
Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan for access to the Caspian Basin for years, but
have made no progress because of the political instability in the region
(7). The United States, Russia and US oil companies are
currently struggling with each other to lay down pipeline routes that
leverage control of the flow of oil and favor political and profit
"Afghanistan's significance from an energy standpoint stems from its
geographic position as a potential transit route for oil and natural gas
exports from Central Asia to the Arabian Sea. This potential includes
proposed multi-billion dollar oil and gas export pipelines through
Afghanistan..." said a US government Energy Information fact sheet in
In 1996, a Unocal-led consortium won a contract to build a 1,005 mile oil
pipeline and a companion 918-mile natural gas-pipeline, in addition to a
tanker-loading terminal in Pakistan's Arabian Sea port of Gwadan. Annual
projected income of the project was US2$ billion which in five years would
have paid for its costs. The US government and the Unocal consortium feared
that they could not build a pipeline as long as Afghanistan, which had been
battered by war since the Soviet withdrawal in 1989, was unstable. In 1998,
Unocal shelved the project just after
the US cruise missile strike against Bin Laden's Afghan camps (8).
*THE BUSH-CHENEY OILIGARCHY HAS LONG REPRESENTED OIL INTERESTS IN THE
"Because of the instability in the Persian Gulf, Cheney and his fellow
oilmen have zeroed in on the world's other major source of oil - the Caspian
Sea. Its rich oil and gas resources are estimated to be worth US$4 trillion
by US News and World Report. The Washington-based American Petroleum
Institute, voice of the major US oil companies, called the Caspian region,
'the area of greatest resource potential outside of the Middle East,'
according to Marjorie Cohn, a professor at Thomas Jefferson School of Law in
the Chicago Tribune, August 2000.
Six US oil giants -- Unocal, Total, Chevron, Pennzoil, Amoco and Exxon --
have invested heavily in the massive oilfield potential in Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The region's untapped
oil reserves are estimated to be worth up to $2,000
The one serious drawback companies have faced is getting the supplies to the
right market, the energy-hungry Asian Pacific economies. Afghanistan -- the
only Central Asian country with very little oil -- is by far the best route
to transport the oil to Asia.
Enron, the biggest contributor to the Bush-Cheney campaign of 2000,
conducted the feasibility study for a US$2.5 billion trans-Caspian gas
pipeline which is being built under a joint venture agreement signed in
February 1999 between Turkmenistan, Bechtel and General Electric Capital
In 1994, Cheney as CEO of Halliburton, a multi-billion oil and gas services
company, helped to broker a deal between Chevron (now ChevronTexaco) and the
state of Kazakhstan when he sat on the country's Oil Advisory Board. (10)
On behalf of oil companies, an array of former cabinet members from the Bush
Sr. administration have been actively involved in negotiations with
Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. They include former
secretary of state James Baker, Brent Scowcroft, former national security
advisor, John Sununu, former chief of staff and Dick Cheney, former
secretary of defense and now Vice President. (11)
*EVERYONE WHO HAS OIL AND GAS INTERESTS IN CENTRAL ASIA NEEDS STABILITY
As one Russian newspaper described it, "Russia's worries are not hard to
understand. They have to do with postwar arrangements in Afghanistan.
Economic interests are paramount. urkmenistan and Uzbekistan need stability
in Afghanistan so that they can transit their oil/gas independently." Russia
has completed talks with the Tajiks on how to share gas revenues after the
war is over. They're estimating it will take six years to achieve stability.
SOURCES: 1. "The big game gets bigger Russia will gain wealth and influence
if it controls Caspian Sea oil," by Mortimer B. Zuckerman, U.S. News and
World Report, May 10, 1994 2. "Oil, gas in FSU Central Asia, northwestern
China," by James P. Dorian, Oil & Gas Journal, September 10, 2001; 3. "The
big game gets bigger Russia will gain wealth and influence if it controls
Caspian Sea oil," by Mortimer B. Zuckerman, U.S. News and World Report, May
10, 1994; 4. "Fears Again of Oil Supplies at Risk," by Neela Banerjee, New
York Times, October 14, 2001; 5. World Petroleum Consumption, 1990-1999,
Energy Information Administration/International Energy Annual 1999; 6.ibid;
7.Oil Omissions, Bush Sr., Cheney Have Big Stakes in Saudi Status Quo,
WorkingforChange.com, October 18, 2001; 8. ibif; 9. "Prospect of oil riches
speeds the wheels of war," by Barry O'Kelly, Sunday Business Post, Ireland,
October 28, 2001; 10. Oil Omissions, Bush Sr., Cheney Have Big Stakes in
Saudi Status Quo, WorkingforChange.com, October 18, 2001; 11. "Scramble for
the Caspian; Big Oil Looks to Divvy Caspian Sea Oil Riches," by Pratap
Chaterjee, Multinational Monitor, September 1998; 12. "The God of Fossil
Fuels," by James Ridgeway, The Village Voice, October 16, 2001.
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