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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] NGO statement on access and benefit sharing, ipr,CBD, PIC
Fecha:Miercoles, 7 de Noviembre, 2001  13:17:06 (-0400)
Autor:Amigos en Defensa de la Gran Sabana.AMIGRANSA/ Orinoco Oilwatch <amigrans @............ve>

*************************************

forwarded to:
Diverse Women for Diversity

*************************************
From: Hartmut Meyer <hmeyer@...>

I send you this NGO statement from the ABS Working Group. The
statement was developed by NGOs and in coordination with the
International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity. We hope that it will
form a basis for our work towards COP-6 and in other ABS-related fora.

Regards,
Hartmut

************

NGO - Statement
Ad Hoc Open-Ended Working Group on Access and Benefit Sharing, Bonn,
Oct. 26, 2001


1. Voluntary Guidelines

The purpose of the voluntary guidelines developed by this working
group can only be to give guidance to governments when developing
national legislation, in both user and provider countries.
Furthermore, these guidelines should not be used to facilitate access
in countries without national ABS regulation. To ensure an effective
implementation of the CBD and specifically its ABS provisions,
legally binding instruments have to be developed and implemented at
least on a national level. Such instruments must recognise the
rights, customary laws, and practices of indigenous peoples and local
communities.


2. Stakeholders

We support the statement of the International Indigenous Forum on
Biodiversity to clearly distinguish between rights holders and
stakeholders, each group with different rights and responsibilities.
The customary rights of indigenous peoples and local communities over
biological and genetic resources, as well as their rights over
traditional knowledge, must be recognised in order to meet the
objectives of the Convention. This also applies with concepts such as
Farmers' Rights as recognised by the International Undertaking. We
recommend that these rights be fully acknowledged in the
implementation of the CBD, including through the full participation
of such groups in all processes of the Convention.


3. PIC

Prior Informed Consent is an inherent and collective right of
indigenous peoples and local communities, which includes the denial
of access or other activities when they contradict their traditions
and beliefs. Therefore the ABS process must recognise these rights
and develop mechanisms for their successful realisation. Changes in
the agreed use of the resources should require a new PIC process with
involvement of the original providers.


4. Benefit Sharing

Benefits, which arise from access and use of genetic resources and
traditional knowledge should serve the objectives of conservation and
sustainable use of biological diversity. Moreover, any benefit
sharing arrangement must be fair and equitable and contribute to
poverty alleviation.


5. IPRs

IPRs, especially patents, can be counter to CBD objectives. By its
very nature, patenting of genetic resources, meaning privatisation of
genetic resources and monopolisation of their use will lead to a
restriction of use rather than to facilitation, as the CBD requires.
We call upon the CBD Parties to ensure that IPRs shall not be granted
if they constrain or even block the further access to the genetic
resource. The CBD should influence the IPR systems and not vice
versa, in order to achieve its objectives.

The disclosure of geographic origin and PIC are unquestionable
principles for the entire genetic resource use process. Disclosure of
PIC in patent applications is crucial to prove that the applicant has
aquired the genetic resource lawfully and not through biopiracy.
Finally, disclosure of geographic origin enables indigenous peoples
and local communities, ethnic groups, farmers, and citizens to
monitor the fate of their genetic resources.

Countries should support the development of community-based measures
to protect traditional knowledge based on customary laws and
practices. They should establish national legal and policy
frameworks, based on a bottom-up approach, to ensure that these
measures are respected.


6. Relationship between CBD and Trade Agreements

CBD Parties must ensure that the Convention's objectives and
obligations are not subordinated to WTO agreements and regional trade
agreements


7. For upcoming consideration

The CBD will have to address the following issues:
collaboration with other international fora dealing with the
potential problems concerning access to and use of human genetic
resources;
potential responsibilities concerning plant genetic resources that
may not be covered by the multilateral system of the International
Undertaking;
increase coordination between the existing and emerging legal
national and international instruments on human rights, particularly
on indigenous peoples and recognition of the right to
self-determination of indigenous peoples;
increase influence of the CBD in other international fora, which may
be obstacles to achieving CBD goals.


Berne Declaration (EvB), Switzerland
BUKO Agrocoordination, Germany
Church Development Service - An Association of the Protestant
Churches in Germany (EED), Germany
ECOROPA
German NGO Forum Environment & Development (FUE), Germany
Greenpeace International
Institute for Ecology andAction - Anthropology, Cologne (infoe), Germany
Klima-Buendnis (Climate Alliance), European Secretariat
Krystyna Swiderska (International Institute for Environment and
Development (IIED)), UK
Maria Fernanda Espinosa (The World Conservation Union (IUCN))
Paul Sanchez-Navarro (World Wide Fund for Nature International (WWF))
South-East Asia Regional Institute for Community Education (SEARICE),
Philippines


*******************************************************

AMIGRANSA. Sociedad de Amigos en Defensa de la Gran Sabana
Direccion: Apartado Postal 50460.Caracas 1050-A. Venezuela
Tel y Fax  +58 (212) 992 1884 / Tel +58 (212) 693 9480
e-mail:    AMIGRANSA <amigrans@...>

La Sociedad de Amigos en defensa de la Gran Sabana es
una asociacion civil sin fines de lucro,constituida en abril
de 1986 para la preservacion, conservacion y defensa del
patrimonio ecologico -cultural de la Gran Sabana, Parque Nacional Canaima
(Tierra de Tepuis) y de todas aquellas areas pertenecientes al Macizo
Guayanes. De igual manera abocamos para que se respeten los
derechos de los Pueblos Indigenas que habitan estos territorios
ancestrales y apoyamos la defensa que estos hacen para preservarlos
junto a su cultura milenaria.

Nos hemos sumado a esta causa por un profundo amor a la
naturaleza y porque estamos convencidos que el repeto al mundo
natural y a las leyes ecologicas, son una de las vias primordiales
hacia el bienestar y la supervivencia de la humanidad.

AMIGRANSA la integran un grupo de profesionales de
distintas disciplinas,jovenes, estudiantes y una amplia red de
colaboradores formada por habitantes de la Gran Sabana, cientificos y
otros amantes de la naturaleza. El trabajo en AMIGRANSA esta basado en
el voluntariado.







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