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Asunto:NoticiasdelCeHu Aranceles en universidades inglesas
Fecha:Domingo, 21 de Enero, 2007  18:55:07 (-0300)
Autor:Jeronimo Montero Bressan <jeronimo_montero @.........ar>

Buenas,
 
Hace unos meses hubo una marcha en Londres en la que un@s  8.000 estudiantes se manifestaron (nos manifestamos) en contra de la suba de los aranceles en Inglaterra, cuyo tope es de 3.000 libras anuales (6.000 dólares). Hace apenas 8 o 9 años que las universidades acá son pagas, y l@s estudiantes ya prácticamente no demandan educación libre sino que no suban los aranceles, porque creen que "hoy no es realista" demandarle al estado que financie en un 100% a las universidades (se olvidan de que su estado co-financia una guerra y unas cuantas ocupaciones militares). Acá los aranceles entraron a cambio de préstamos baratos y relativamente fáciles de conseguir, financiados por el Estado. Es decir que para el caso era lo mismo sólo que ahora se gradúan con una deuda de 9.000 libras en la espalda.
 
Es decir, pasa lo que decimos l@s estudiantes en Argentina: una vez que entran los aranceles no se sale de ahí... en unos años la lucha puede pasar a ser por que sean bajos y no por educación gratuita. Más aún si la conducción de la FUA sigue siendo de la Franja Morada (la que conduce la N.U.S. -National Student's Union- es muy comparable).
El jueves salió en la tapa del The Guardian, diario de centro-izquierda de excelente calidad, la nota que mando acá. Traduje más o menos los primeros párrafos, para quien se anime va la completa en inglés.
 
Saludos,
Jerónimo
 
PD: No hace falta calculadora: 1 libra son 2 dólares.

Rectores de universidades advierten sobre aranceles de 10.000 libras al año (20.000 dólares)
Una encuesta del The Guardian a vice-rectores también revela amenaza a los préstamos a estudiantes
 
Según una encuesta de The Guardian a Vice-rectores y académicos de alto rango, los aranceles para estudiantes de grado en Inglaterra deberán aumentar hasta las 6.000 libras (12.000 dólares) o más al año para cubrir los costos de enseñanza.
 
Existe una creciente inquietud acerca del sistema de financiamiento que se implementa desde el pasado otoño, y hay indicios de que algunas carreras de ciencias podrían costarle a los estudiantes unas 10.000 libras al año una vez que se revise el sistema actual.
 
En la encuesta participaron rectores de más de 40 de las 100 universidades del país, la mayoría de los cuales alertó sobre la suba o posible suba de los aranceles. Varios de ellos también creen que el Tesoro encarecería los costos de los préstamos a estudiantes, en parte debido a que para el gobierno el costo de subsidio a los préstamos estudiantiles ha aumentado hasta casi 1.000 millones de libras al año.
 
Rectores de algunas de las Universidades líderes, incluyendo las del grupo Russell -las 20 instituciones líderes en financiamiento de las investigaciones más costosas- creen que el tope máximo de 3.000 libras al año deberá al menos duplicarse tras una revisión del sistema actual en el 2009. A su vez creen que tras la revisión el Tesoro también demandará cambios en los préstamos del Estado.
 
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To see this story with its related links on the Guardian Unlimited site, go to http://www.guardian.co.uk

University heads warn of £10,000-a-year tuition fees
Guardian survey of vice-chancellors also reveals threat to student loans
James Meikle, education correspondent
Thursday January 18 2007
The Guardian
 
Tuition fees for undergraduates in England will have to rise to £6,000 a year or more to cover teaching costs, according to a Guardian survey of university vice-chancellors and senior staff.
 
It reveals growing unease about the funding system which came into force last autumn, with suggestions that some science courses could cost students up to £10,000 a year when the current structure is reviewed.
Heads of more than 40 of the country's 100 universities responded to the survey, with most warning that fees would or could rise. Many also thought the Treasury would make student loans more expensive to repay, in part because the cost to the government of subsidising student loans and writing-off unpaid debts has risen to nearly £1bn a year.
 
Heads of some leading universities, including from the elite Russell group - the top 20 institutions which conduct the most expensive and ambitious research - think the £3,000 maximum for fees will have to at least double following a review of the current system in 2009.

They expect the Treasury will also demand changes to state-funded loans when the system is looked at in two years' time.

The survey was conducted through a questionnaire sent to every university in the country. Almost all charge the maximum £3,000 they are entitled to under the system. In their responses, most vice-chancellors asked to remain anonymous because of the sensitivity of an issue that is already causing huge tension within the government, as well as anxiety for students and parents.

One Russell group head implied that families should expect to save much more for their children's higher education, and suggested the country was heading to a US-style model, with fees to match. "If the country wants first-class universities, it has to find a way of paying for them. None of this is resolvable overnight. High tuition fees in US universities are factored into families' lifetime financial planning."

He said the present loans system in effect provided "a huge subsidy to the well-off middle class" because students are benefiting from a generous low-interest loans while pursuing careers that offer salaries well above the national average.

"They want their children to have all the benefits of a world-class education system for free, or at a cheap price, at the expense of the poor through taxation. No university would risk losing top students by overpricing. If the cap were to be lifted, say to £5,000, that would become the new universal fee. It would not be variable."

Another Russell group vice-chancellor said there was a direct link between the amount of resources available for teaching and the quality of graduates produced. In America, universities receive an average of £11,500 a year to teach each student.

In England, it is just £7,300.

"There are only two ways to bridge that gap," said the vice-chancellor. "One is by increased government grant, which seems unlikely in the present circumstances, the other is by a higher tuition fee charge."

Concerns spread well beyond the Russell group, with heads of universities established within the last 15 years also believing the current system is unsustainable. They point to the strain that the loans system is putting on the Treasury. Students across Britain have borrowed more than £22bn since 1991 but the government has only recovered £5bn through repayments or selling off debt to private companies.

But the head of a newer university in the north of England said: "Students and their families may accept a marginal worsening of the current terms and conditions attached to student loans, but anything more significant may act as a disincentive, particularly to low-income families who tend to be more debt-averse."

Wes Streeting, vice-president for education at the National Union of Students, said: "The views represented by this survey show the need for a genuine open debate about higher education funding."

Bill Rammell, the higher education minister, said: "Fees are fixed until 2010. Before we get to that point an independent commission reporting to parliament will report on the first three years' experience of the system and will consider future arrangements for the fee cap and student support."

Copyright Guardian News and Media Limited



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