Tajikistan is one of the first member countries of
the INOGATE Programme.
Officially it joined the INOGATE Programme on 22
July 1999 during the Kiev INOGATE Summit when the Prime Minister of Tadjik
Republic Mr. Iakhio Azimov signed the Umbrella Agreement.
Geography and Topology:
Tadjikistan is located in Central Asia, west of China.
Total area: 143,100 sq km; Afghanistan 1,206
km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km.
Population: 6,719,567, of which Tajik 64.9%,
Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%.
Economy: Tajikistan has the lowest per
capita GDP among the 15 former Soviet republics. Cotton is the most
important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited in amount, include
silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large
aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly
in light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely
damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp
decline in industrial and agricultural production. Even though 80% of its
people continue to live in abject poverty, Tajikistan has experienced
strong economic growth since 1997. Continued privatization of medium and
large state-owned enterprises will further increase productivity.
Tajikistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile due to uneven
implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, and the external
|GDP composition by sector:|
Main industries: aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals
and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools,
refrigerators and freezers.
in 1999 prices
|Tajikistan's GDP and Inflation,
|GDP Growth Rate**
** compared to previous years
Department of Commerce; CIA World Factbook; DOE/EIA
Tajikistan has proven reserves of 12 million barrels
of oil, most of which are located in the northern part of the country in
the Leninobod Soghd Region. The national oil company is Tajikneftegaz,
which handles oil exploration, drilling, and production.
Production and Consumption
2001, Tajik oil production was only 350 barrels per day (b/d). There has
been a long period of production decline since Tajikistan produced 1,311
b/d in 1992. This decrease has been attributed to the 1992-1997 civil war,
economic troubles, and lack of investment in the oil infrastructure.
Tajikistan consumed approximately 29,000 bbl/d of
petroleum products in 2001, of which nearly 100% is imported. Tajikistan
consumes 29,000 b/d of oil products, almost all of which are imported. The
main source is Uzbekistan, which provides 70% of Tajikistan's oil product
imports. An historical summary of petroleum production and consumption in
Tajikistan is shown in Table below:
includes crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, other liquids, and refinery
|Petroleum Production and Consumption in
1992-2001 (in thousand b/d)
In July 2001,
Tajikistan brought its first small oil refinery online at Konibodom. The
refinery has a capacity of 400 b/d, and produces gasoline, diesel fuel,
kerosene, and fuel oil. The production is far too small for the country's
needs, however; Tajikistan still imports almost all its oil as refined
IV. Natural Gas
Tajikistan has 200 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural
gas reserves, comprised of several fields. In 2000, Tajikistan began
operations in the Khoja Sartez field in the southern Khatlon Region, and
has also increased its activity in the Qizil Tumshuq deposit in the
Kolkhozobod District of the southern Khatlon Region. Tajikistan has also
tried to increase its own gas production, in 2000, by exploratory drilling
in the Khatlon region. Apparently, some of the drilling has been
successful enough to interest China in future drilling activities.
Production and Consumption
total natural gas production for Tajikistan in 2000 was 1.4 Bcf. With its
small domestic production, Tajikistan must rely on imports for 95% of the
natural gas it consumes. An historical summary of natural gas production
and consumption in Tajikistan is shown in Table.
"dry" gas means gas with condensates removed
|Dry Natural Gas Production and Consumption in
1992-2000 (in billion cubic feet)
Tajikistan has had continuing problems in paying
for the gas it imports. There is an intergovernmental agreement with
Uzbekistan for a fixed annual quantity, but consumption has been running
ahead of schedule. An additional problem is that only 18% of the gas
consumed in 2001 was paid for by users. As a result of these issues,
Tajikistan has had to cut off nonpaying customers and negotiate with
suppliers for more gas.
Natural Gas Pipelines
natural gas pipelines from Uzbekistan to Dushanbe, and under a barter deal
with Uzbekistan, gas is exported from Uzbekistan to Tajikistan in exchange
for transit across Tajikistan for a rail transport corridor and a natural
Source: Energy Information Administration
|Energy Supply Indicators, Central
||Proven Crude Oil Reserves, 1/1/02E (Million
||Natural Gas Reserves, 1/1/02E (Trillion Cubic
||Petroleum Production, 2001E (Thousand Barrels
||Natural Gas Production, 2000E (Billion Cubic
||Crude Oil Refining Capacity, 1/1/02E (Thousand
Barrels Per Day)|
V. Foreign Investments
Tajikistan is encouraging foreign investment. The
IMF has assisted Tajikistan in economic reform and privatization.
Privatization programs in Tajikistan have made slow progress. At present
11% of the medium and large enterprises have been privatized. The private
sector share of the GDP is 20-30%. During the 1995-96 period, Tajikistan
adopted laws on credit insurance, money circulation, the national budget,
copyrights, and small business. With the export and import operation in
the Republic of Tajikistan are engaged 749 entities of the foreign
economic activity officially registered in the Ministry of economy and the
foreign economic relations including 515 collective farms and state farms.
The trade economic partners of Tajikistan are 71
countries of the world, from them 10 countries of CIS. Tajikistan's
exports in 2001 were estimated to be $640 million. The main exports were
aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, and textiles. Most
exports went to Uzbekistan, Liechtenstein, Russia, and Kazakhstan.
Tajikistan's imports in 2001 were $700 million. The main imports were
electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery, equipment, and
foodstuffs. Most imports came from the Netherlands, Uzbekistan,
Switzerland, and Russia.
VI. Who's Who
Chiefs of State and Cabinet
(Last Updated: 29.01.2003)
|Chmn., National Assembly (upper house)
|Chmn., Assembly of Representatives (lower
Dep. Prime Min.
Gen. Saidamir Zuhurov|
of Economy & Trade
of Foreign Affairs
|Chmn., State Committee for Oil & Gas
Information on the Republic of Tajikistan -
Information and Analitycal Centre of EuroAsia - eurasia.org.ru
The President of the Republic of Tajikistan - tajikistan.tajnet.com/english/state/president.htm
The Constitution - www.eurasianet.org/resource/tajikistan/links/tajkethn.html
State Property Committee of the Republic of Tajikistan -
Internews Tajikistan - www.internews.tj
service - www.rferl.org/BD/TA
Plus Information Agency - www.asiaplus.tajnet.com
News of Tajikistan - tajikistan.tajnet.com
|Fossil Energy International
|CIA World Fact Book 2002
|The World Bank Group
Energy Information Administration
|Information Agency on CIS countries
|The Central Intelligence Agency
|Tajikistan Internet Information Agency