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Asunto:[ept-venezuela] "Quedandonos atras": Progreso educativo en America Latina (?)
Fecha:Viernes, 19 de Abril, 2002  18:00:17 (-0400)
Autor:Lucio A. Segovia <lsegovia @.........ve>


----- Original Message -----
From: "Rosa Maria Torres" <rmtorres@...>
To: "Comunidad E-ducativa" <ComunidadEducativa@...>
Sent: Thursday, April 18, 2002 11:58 PM
Subject: [ComunidadEducativa] "Quedandonos atras": Progreso educativo en
America Latina (?)


> "Quedándonos atrás: Un informe del progreso educativo en América Latina",
> Informe de la Comisión Internacional sobre Educación, Equidad y
> Competitividad en América Latina y el Caribe, 2001.
> PREAL, Santiago
> http://www.preal.cl/docs-series/qued_atras.pdf
> Inter-American Dialogue, Washington
> http://www.thedialogue.org/
>
> Este informe (disponible en español y en ingles) fue lanzado en Washington
> el 14 de diciembre de 2001.
>
> América Latina reprueba en materia educativa. El informe "pone nota" (de
la
> A a la F) a los paises de la region en los siguientes rubros:
>
> Rendimiento en las pruebas: D
> Matricula: B (esta es la calificacion mas alta)
> Permanencia en la escuela: C
> Equidad: F
> Estandares: D
> Evaluacion: C
> Autoridad y responsabilidad por los resultados a nivel de la escuela: C
> Carrera docente: D
> Inversion en educacion primaria y secundaria: C
>
> Escala de notas:
> A: Excelente
> B: Bueno
> C: Regular
> D: Malo
> E: Muy malo
> F: Pesimo
>
> Hay varios otros rubros que faltaria calificar y que seguramente sacarian
> mala nota, tales como: satisfaccion de los agentes y usuarios del
> sistema escolar (alumnos, padres de familia, docentes), participacion y
> consulta social para la implementacion de las reformas educativas,
> consistencia del conocimiento teórico y empírico que respalda a las
> propuestas de reforma, calidad de la asesoria internacional brindada, uso
de
> los recursos, etc, etc.
>
> Es asimismo importante determinar con mayor claridad QUIENES son los que
> sacan la mala nota y a quienes hay que reprobar. A los gobiernos? A los
> Ministerios de Educacion? A toda la sociedad? Al sistema escolar? A los
> docentes? A los especialistas y asesores? A los padres de familia? A los
> alumnos? A los organismos internacionales que financian y asesoran la
> reforma educativa en nuestros paises?
>
> El propio titulo de este informe sintetiza la paradoja: ¿cabe hablar de
> "progreso", cuando lo avanzado solo ratifica que estamos
> "quedándonos atras"?
>
> El resumen en inglés que copiamos abajo ha sido tomado del sitio web del
> Inter-American Dialogue, y corresponde al texto elaborado para el
> lanzamiento de dicho informe en Washinhgton.
>
> PRESS RELEASE
> http://www.thedialogue.org/
> Inter-American Dialogue
>
> Latin American Leaders Give Education Poor Marks
>
> WASHINGTON, DC, DECEMBER 14---
> A blue-ribbon task force of Western Hemisphere
> business, political, and academic leaders released today a report card on
> education in Latin America. The group warned that Latin America's
continued
> failure to provide quality education to its children is undermining the
> region's future. The report card makes clear that poor quality schools are
a
> major impediment to economic growth and are making income
> inequalities-already among the highest in the world-even worse.
>
> Entitled Lagging Behind: A Report Card on Education in Latin America, the
> report card grades the region on academic achievement, equal treatment and
> seven other major indicators of educational success. It seeks to do what
> hasn't previously been done - open up Latin America's schools to closer
> scrutiny by every nation's citizens.
>
> "Latin America has made remarkable progress in many areas that are crucial
> to economic development and growth," said Enrique Iglesias, Task Force
> member and president of the Inter-American Development Bank. "But we are
> lagging in education and must make a concerted effort everywhere to
improve
> our school system. Education has become Latin America's Achilles' heel."
>
> The report card paints a disturbing picture. Most countries are
> under-performing on key education indicators. It awards only one good
grade
> (a "B" on an A-to-F scale), for progress in expanding enrollments. On the
> other indicators the region does much worse:
>
> Test scores - "D" In national and international student achievement tests,
> scores remain alarmingly low. Most countries still do not participate
> regularly in global achievement tests.
>
> Keeping children in school - "C" Few children finish secondary school (far
> fewer than do in competitors like the Philippines and Malaysia).
Significant
> numbers fail even to reach the fifth grade.
>
> Equity - "F" Children from well-off families get much more and much better
> schooling. Indigenous peoples and Afro-Latin Americans are especially
> disadvantaged in terms of education.
>
> Standards - "D" No country has established modern, comprehensive education
> standards.
>
> Assessment - "C" National testing systems are in place, but are weak and
> under-utilized.
>
> Authority and accountability at the school level - "C" Decentralization is
> underway, but seldom gives principals and community leaders the authority
> they need.
>
> Teaching profession - "D" Few countries have developed a strong and
> professional corps of teachers.
>
> Investment in primary and secondary education - "C" Although governments
> have increased the percent of GDP dedicated to education, investment per
> student is low, and concentrated in higher education.
>
> Just as Latin America has fundamentally remade its economic systems, it
now
> needs to fundamentally remake its education systems. Anything less will
make
> economic growth and social development much harder to achieve.
>
> The Task Force on Education, Equity, and Economic Competitiveness in the
> Americas was established in 1996 and is co-chaired by José Octavio Bordón,
> secretary of education of the province of Buenos Aires and former governor
> of the province of Mendoza, Argentina, and by John Petty, former chairman
> and CEO, Marine Midland Bank. It is composed of 24 prominent leaders from
> Latin America, the United States and Canada.
>
> The Partnership for Educational Revitalization in the Americas (PREAL) is
a
> joint program of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington, D.C. and the
> Corporation for Development Research (CINDE) in Santiago, Chile. PREAL is
a
> hemispheric partnership of institutions and leaders seeking to promote
> better education policy in Latin America. It endeavors to improve the
> quality and equity of education by promoting informed debate on education
> policy, identifying and disseminating best practices, and monitoring
> progress toward improvement. Funding is provided by the United States
Agency
> for International Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the
> Avina Foundation, the GE Fund and the Tinker Foundation. The report card
> will soon be available in English, Spanish and Portuguese online at the
> PREAL website (www.preal.org).
>
>
>
>
>
> ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
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>
> Comunidad E-ducativa es el grupo electrónico de la comunidad de firmantes
del Pronunciamiento Latinoamericano por una Educación para Todos. Para más
información sobre el Pronunciamiento Latinoamericano visite:
www.fronesis.org/prolat.htm
>
> Tu uso de Yahoo! Grupos está sujeto a las
http://ar.docs.yahoo.com/info/utos.html
>
>




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