La Liga de Radioaficionados de Bogotá invita a CONTACTAR a nuestros colegas y amigos este fin de semana quienes estarán trasmitiendo el sábado 5 y domingo 6 de junio desde la CATEDRAL DE SAL DE ZIPAQUIRA.
This mountain was discovered by our indians, MUISCAS, They took the salt that flow from some salty fountains, which mixed with water, form small rivers, then they boiled the water, and when it dried in the pot remained small quantities of white sal.
At the beggining, the indians, the indians called “chigua” to the dark blocks of salt that flow from the mountain; later on it was called “sal vigua” that means sal virgen. Those blocks of salt were put on pots made of clay, “Juiches”, which were broken with a stick, when the salt was.
They used the sal as money, for buying their food and for their bussiness.
In the year 1801, Alexander Von Humbolt, a very important scientist from Germany in Colombia, and visited the mine, he was very concerned about mining, and he said that the explotation should be underground., by bulding tunnels to find the purest salt. The German engineer Jacobo Wiesner began in 1816 a tunnel in the second level of explotation, which was called Potosi.
In 1834, Diego Davinson and Alejandro McDouall, began the first level of explotation in the cota 2730 mts. This was called Guasca that means “cave”. In this place they built the first salt cathedral, using the big caves in the upper level.
The miners who buit the old salt cathedral, in 1950, for giving thanks to the Virgin for her protection. The name of the Virgin in Guasca. It´s an indian name that means “cave” . The Virgin of the cave”.
The old Cathedral was built between the year 1951 and 1954. The original idea was to build a little chapel of the miners for giving thanks to the Virgin for her protection, but in the level of production. It was a chapel not a church. It was inaugurated in 1954, and it was opened till 1992. The goverment closed the old cathedral because it had many problems in its structures; and decided to bult a new cathedral in the south of the mountain. The old was in the north. It was very small and rustic; the new is in the south and it¨s bigger than the old and is very symbolic. The new cathedral was built from the year 1992 to 1995.
The new cathedral was directed by the engineer Jorge Castelblanco and it was designed by Roswell Garavito Pearl, who included in the design many religious symbols. After three years of hard work and creation and 127 colombian people working inside, the salt Cathedral was inagurated by Ernesto Samper Pizano, President of Colombia on December 16 1995.
The new cathedral is divided in three levels. In the first, we find the Stations of the cross and the old chapels of salt. In the second level, we have the Cupola, the Nartex and the Choir. In the third level, we have the three big NAVES of the Cathedral.
THE NEW SALT CATHEDRAL
From the ceremonial square, the descend to the depth, toward the interior of the salt Cathedral, starts through the sacred axis “The oak¨s tunnel”; this route prepares in the pilgrim in the accecis transition from the external world, like beggining, to the conceptual interior word, like a destination. The entrance is a big crack representing a trip from the material to unmaterial, from terrestrial things to spiritual things. You go into a mountain under the steeple and the Great Cross that emerges of it, and whose proyection in the square is the Cardinal Cross, symbol of union of the towns.
The descent towards the Cathedral is slow, during this lapsed, it is diluted the notion of time, light, heat, sound, color, wind, and movement. It is a route till a new interior vision, a permanent underground world of centuries, mysterous, that invites you to the maditation, the reflection, and the contemplation...... It¨s an authentic and unique experience.
El diseño arquitectonico y artistico de la nueva Catedral de Sal, es propio del Arquitecto Bogotano Roswell Garavito Pearl, el cual salio aprobado tras la elección del proyecto que contenia un total de 44 propuestas en un concurso convocado por la Sociedad Colombiana de Arquitectos en 1990; mientras que la direccion tecnica de ingenieria fue ejecutada por el Ingeniero Bogotano Jorge Enrique Castelblanco Reyes.
En su interior se encuentra una rica colección artística, especialmente de esculturas de sal y mármol en un ambiente lleno de un profundo sentido religioso que atrae a peregrinos y turistas.
La catedral de Sal de Zipaquirá es considerada como uno de los logros arquitectónicos y artísticos más notables de la arquitectura colombiana, otorgándosele incluso el titulo de joya arquitectónica de la modernidad. La importancia de la Catedral, radica en su valor como patrimonio cultural, religioso y ambiental.
En 2007 mediante un concurso para elegir las 7 Maravillas de Colombia; la Catedral de Sal obtuvo la mayor votación; convirtiéndola en la Maravilla No.1 de Colombia, aunque también fue propuesta entre las Siete Maravillas del Mundo Moderno.
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PEDRO ALLINA B. HK3JJH
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