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Asunto:[CeHuNews] 19/03 - About Dominica
Fecha:Miercoles, 26 de Marzo, 2003  16:22:41 (-0300)
Autor:Humboldt <humboldt @............ar>

Día luminoso

CeHuNews 19/03

ABOUT DOMINICA

Our Island

Dominica (Pronounced Dom-in-ee-ka) is an Independent nation, the Commonwealth of Dominica and is not to be confused with the Dominican Republic

 

Location

Eastern Caribbean; 15.30 N longitude and 61.20 W latitude North of Martinique and South of Guadeloupe

 

Size

Dominica is the Largest and most mountainous of the Windward Islands, with an area of 289.5 Sq. miles (790sq.km). It is 29 miles long (49km) and 16 miles (25km) at its widest.

 

Capital

Roseau (pronounced rose-oh)

 

Climate

Due to Dominica's topography and vegetation, the climate and temperatures can vary drastically dependent upon the season, or one's location/altitude on the island. Generally temperatures can vary as much as 10 degrees-33 degress C/50 degrees-92 degrees F, from the mountain slopes at night to the coastline at midday. Dominica's rainfall patterns vary as well, depending where on the island one is. Rainfall in the interior can be as high as 300 inches per year with the wettest months being July to November and the driest being February to May.

 

Other major towns and communities

Carib Territory, Portsmouth, Marigot, Grand Bay

 

Official language

English. A french based Creole is widely spokne by residents.

 

Clientele

Dominica is for the Nature Enthusiasts. Those seeking Adventure in nature and who want to get-away-from-it all!

 

Main Activities

A number of nature oriented activities are offered on the island, these include: Hiking, Trekking, River Bathing, Bird watching, Whale Watching, Scuba Diving, Botany Explorations.

 

 

History

Throughout it’s History, the fertile land of Dominica has attracted settlers and colonizers and has been the subject of the military, and often bloody squabbles of European powers. At the time of Columbus’s visit in November 1493, the island was a stronghold of the Caribs from South America who were driving out the Arawaks. In 1627 the English took theoretical possession without settling, but by 1632 the island had become a de facto French colony; it remained so until 1759 when the English captured it. In 1660 the English and French agreed to leave the Caribs in undisturbed possession, but in fact French settlers went on arriving, brining enslaved Africans with them. Dominica changed hands between the two European powers, passing back to France (1778) and again to England 917830. The French attempted to invade in 1795 and 1805 before eventually withdrawing, leaving Britain in possession.

In 1833 the island was linked to Antigua and the other Leeward Islands under a Governor General at Antigua, but subsequently became part of the Federation of the Leeward Islands Group (1940-60). Dominica joined the West Indies Federation at its foundation in 1958 and remained a member until differences among larger members led to its dissolution in 1962.

Dominica became an Associated state of the United Kingdom in 1967, with full internal self-government, but Britain remained responsible for foreign policy and defence.

Full Independence was achieved on November 3, 1978.

Dominica is a Republic with a non-executive presidency and parliamentary government. It has a unicameral House of assembly with 30 members (21 elected, 9 appointed). Elections are held every five years, with universal suffrage for adults (18 over). The House of assembly elected the President for not more than two terms of five years. He or she appoints the prime Minister who consults the President in appointing other ministers

Last Election: January 2000

Next elections: by 2005

Head of State: The President, His Excellency, Mr Vernon L. Shaw

Head of Government: The Prime Minister, the Honourable Pierre Charles

 

 

 

What is Culture?

by RAYMOND LAWRENCE

When we speak about national culture total of material and spiritual values created, accumulated, strengthened and developed by a given a nation in the course if its history. The development of these values is conditioned by economic, social, political and technological circumstances.Culture however is never singular and univocal. It is multi-faceted and it comprises various factors which make up a complex whole. These factors include race, language, the arts, cuisine, dress and traditional customs.There is a distinct importance of national culture in the life of any country. It gives citizens a sense of belonging, a sense of identity and a sense of pride in the realization that their country holds their roots, their heritage, their traditions and a way of life with which they can easily identify.There are also tangible and intangible elements which make up the culture of any country. The tangible part of our cultural heritage consists of artifacts such as a cannon, an historic house, a book on a library shelf, or machinery in an old sugar mill.Th intangible elements on the other hand are our stories, songs, tunes, dances and knowledge of processes, beliefs and languages.This difference does not give one type of evidence more importance than the other. In fact, the tangible and intangible are different aspects of the same cultural item. So in order to understand a physical artifact like a pot, it is necessary to consider the traditional intangible associations - the processes by which it was made, the symbolism of the designs in its decoration, and the ways in which it was and is used.Culture also encompasses both the traditional and the contemporary expressions of a country - not either/or but both. The traditional and contemporary are two sides of the same coin.Culture can also be described as a process - a continual process, of defining and redefining all the various aspects which make a country's culture unique and identifiable. At the same time the process helps individual countries to see how similar or different they are to other countries and how important it is to share one's culture with others in an effort to create greater cooperation and goodwill.Culture can be compared to the roots and branches of a tree. The roots are the traditions of a country by which the culture is grounded and rooted and the branches are all the creative, innovative and modern expressions which emerge as the culture evolves. Culture is dynamic and it changes, but then our history and heritage are what give texture and direction to the changing modern day expressions.

 

Did you know?

On December 15th 1997 UNESCO enlisted our MorneTrois PitonNational Park as a World Heritage Site. Dominica joined an ‘elite’ group of countries around the world as being custodians to world Heritage Sites. The park is the first and only enlisted natural site in the Eastern Caribbean. The Official Inscription Ceremony took place on August 4th 1998.

128 year old Ma Pampo is the oldest person ever documented in Dominica(see birth certificate) human, currently resides in  Glanvillia, Dominica, W.I

Dominica has 20 and over centenarians in our small populated island and the list  keeps growing

 view list of centenarians

The monthly magazine "Caribbean World" has nominated Dominica one of the best destination for the ecotourists.

Two thirds of Dominica is covered by protected rain forest.

There are 365 rivers and you will also find the largest boiling lake in the world.

There are no poisonous insects or snakes on Dominica.

Sport-magazines have nominated Dominica as one of  the best locations in the world for sports diving.

Dominica has the lowest crime-rate in the Caribbean

Did you know... that Dominica has been designated as the first Caribbean Green Globe  destination. This is the first step of the World Travel and Tourism Council's proposal to carry  out a program through its Environmental Research Arm and its GREEN GLOBE program for  environmental management

Dominica has the highest mountains in the Eastern Caribbean, Morne Diablotin - 4747 feet