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Asunto:[CeHuNews] 295/03 - Study in Jönköping - Sweden
Fecha:Jueves, 18 de Diciembre, 2003  18:09:06 (-0300)
Autor:Humboldt <humboldt>

Bebida de limón

CeHuNews 295/03

Study in Jönköping - Sweden

European Credit Transfer System

Chapter quick jump:

What is ECTS?

ECTS credits

ECTS Credit Transfer

Student Mobility Grant

The ECTS grading scale



What is ECTS?

ECTS, the European Community Credit Transfer System, was developed by the Commission of the European Communities in order to provide common procedures to guarantee academic recognition of studies abroad. It provides a way of measuring and comparing learning achievements, and transferring these from one institution to another.

The ECTS system is based on the principle of mutual trust and confidence between the participating institutions of higher education. The few rules of ECTS, the Information about courses available, the Agreement between the home and host institutions and the use of credit points to indicate student workload, have been sent out in order to reinforce mutual trust and confidence. Each ECTS department describes the courses it offers in terms both of content and the number of credits awarded for each course.


ECTS credits

ECTS credits are a value allocated to course units to describe the student workload required to complete each unit. They reflect the amount of work each course requires in relation to the total amount of work required to complete a full year of academic study at the institution, including lectures, practical work, seminars, private study - in the library or at home - and examination or other assessment activities. ECTS credits thus express a relative value.

In ECTS, 60 credits represent the workload of one year of study; 30 credits are normally given for a semester and 20 credits for a term. It is important that no special courses are set up for ECTS purposes: all ECTS courses are mainstream courses offered by the participating institutions. These are identical to those followed by home students and they follow standard regulations. It is up to the participating institutions to subdivide the credits for the different courses. ECTS credits should be allocated to all the course units offered, compulsory and optional courses alike. Credits can also be allocated for project work, as well as theses and practical placements where these are a normal part of the study programme.

Credits are not awarded until the course has been completed and all compulsory examinations have been passed.

In Swedish higher education, credits are given for each course in terms of points (p). One week's full-time study is equivalent to one point, and one academic year's full-time study is worth 40 points. One point is thus equivalent to 1.5 ECTS credits.


ECTS Credit Transfer

The student participating in ECTS will receive full credit for all academic work successfully carried out at any ECTS partner institution, and he/she will be able to transfer these academic credits from one participating institution to another on the basis of the prior learning agreement covering the content of a study programme abroad and made between the student and the institutions involved.

When the student has successfully completed the study programme previously agreed between the home and host institutions and returns to the home institution, a credit transfer will take place and the student will continue his/her studies at the home institution without any loss of time or credit.

ECTS also enables further study abroad. The transcript of record is particularly useful in this respect as it provides a history of the student's academic achievements.


Student Mobility Grant

Students selected by an institution to participate in ECTS may only be awarded a student mobility grant if they fulfil the following general conditions of eligibility for the ERASMUS grant:

students must be citizens of one of the EC Member States or citizens of one of the EFTA countries, with the exception of Switzerland, or recognised by one Member State or an EFTA country as having the official status of refugee or stateless person or permanent resident. EFTA nationals are eligible provided they move within the framework of ERASMUS from their EFTA home country to an EC Member State. EFTA nationals registered as students in institutions participating in ECTS in other EFTA countries or in Community Member States are only eligible for participation in ECTS if they have gained the right of permanent residence;

students should not be required to pay tuition fees at the host institution; a student may, however, be required to continue to pay his/her normal tuition fees to the home institution during the study period abroad;

the national grant/loan to which a student may be entitled for study at his/her institution must not be discontinued, interrupted or reduced as long as that student is studying in another Member State and is in receipt of an ERASMUS grant;

one study period abroad should not be of less than three months' duration, or exceed more than one year;

students in the first year of their studies are not eligible to receive ERASMUS grants.


For more details about ECTS, please contact the ECTS Institutional Co-ordinator at your home university, or the National Agency for SOCRATES in your own country.


The ECTS grading scale


ECTS grade

Percentage of successful students normally achieving the required grade




EXCELLENT; outstanding
performance with only minor errors



VERY GOOD; above average standard but with some errors



GOOD; generally sound work with a number of notable errors



SATISFACTORY; fair but with significant shortcomings



SUFFICIENT; performance meets the minimum criteria



FAIL; more work required before the credit can be awarded



FAIL; a considerable degree of extra work is required

The ECTS grading scale is based on the combined use of appropriate keywords and numerical definitions clarifying these keywords.