Tajikistan is one of the first member
countries of the INOGATE Programme.
Officially it joined the INOGATE Programme
on 22 July 1999 during the Kiev INOGATE Summit when the Prime Minister of
Tadjik Republic Mr. Iakhio Azimov signed the Umbrella Agreement.
Republic of Tadjikistan is located in Central Asia, west
Total area: 143,100 sq km;
Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161
Population: 6,719,567, of which
Tajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration),
Economy: Tajikistan has the
lowest per capita GDP among the 15 former Soviet republics. Cotton is the
most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited in amount,
include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a
large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories
mostly in light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97)
severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a
sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production. Even though 80%
of its people continue to live in abject poverty, Tajikistan has
experienced strong economic growth since 1997. Continued privatization of
medium and large state-owned enterprises will further increase
productivity. Tajikistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile
due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, and
the external debt burden.
|GDP composition by sector:|
Main industries: aluminum, zinc, lead,
chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine
tools, refrigerators and freezers.
* in 1999 prices
|Tajikistan's GDP and Inflation,
|GDP Growth Rate**
** compared to previous years
Department of Commerce; CIA World Factbook; DOE/EIA
Tajikistan has proven reserves of 12 million barrels
of oil, most of which are located in the northern part of the country in
the Leninobod Soghd Region. The national oil company is Tajikneftegaz,
which handles oil exploration, drilling, and production.
In 2001, Tajik oil production was only 350 barrels
per day (b/d). There has been a long period of production decline since
Tajikistan produced 1,311 b/d in 1992. This decrease has been attributed
to the 1992-1997 civil war, economic troubles, and lack of investment in
the oil infrastructure.
Tajikistan consumed approximately 29,000
bbl/d of petroleum products in 2001, of which nearly 100% is imported.
Tajikistan consumes 29,000 b/d of oil products, almost all of which are
imported. The main source is Uzbekistan, which provides 70% of
Tajikistan's oil product imports. An historical summary of petroleum
production and consumption in Tajikistan is shown in Table below:
* includes crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, other liquids, and
refinery processing gain
|Petroleum Production and Consumption in
1992-2001 (in thousand b/d)
2001, Tajikistan brought its first small oil refinery online at Konibodom.
The refinery has a capacity of 400 b/d, and produces gasoline, diesel
fuel, kerosene, and fuel oil. The production is far too small for the
country's needs, however; Tajikistan still imports almost all its oil as
refined petroleum products.
IV. Natural Gas
Tajikistan has 200 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural
gas reserves, comprised of several fields. In 2000, Tajikistan began
operations in the Khoja Sartez field in the southern Khatlon Region, and
has also increased its activity in the Qizil Tumshuq deposit in the
Kolkhozobod District of the southern Khatlon Region. Tajikistan has also
tried to increase its own gas production, in 2000, by exploratory drilling
in the Khatlon region. Apparently, some of the drilling has been
successful enough to interest China in future drilling activities.
The total natural gas production for Tajikistan in
2000 was 1.4 Bcf. With its small domestic production, Tajikistan must rely
on imports for 95% of the natural gas it consumes. An historical summary
of natural gas production and consumption in Tajikistan is shown in Table.
Note: "dry" gas means gas with condensates removed
|Dry Natural Gas Production and Consumption in
1992-2000 (in billion cubic feet)
Tajikistan has had continuing problems in
paying for the gas it imports. There is an intergovernmental agreement
with Uzbekistan for a fixed annual quantity, but consumption has been
running ahead of schedule. An additional problem is that only 18% of the
gas consumed in 2001 was paid for by users. As a result of these issues,
Tajikistan has had to cut off nonpaying customers and negotiate with
suppliers for more gas.
There are natural gas pipelines from Uzbekistan to
Dushanbe, and under a barter deal with Uzbekistan, gas is exported from
Uzbekistan to Tajikistan in exchange for transit across Tajikistan for a
rail transport corridor and a natural gas pipeline.
Source: Energy Information Administration
|Energy Supply Indicators, Central
||Proven Crude Oil Reserves, 1/1/02E (Million
||Natural Gas Reserves, 1/1/02E (Trillion Cubic
||Petroleum Production, 2001E (Thousand Barrels
||Natural Gas Production, 2000E (Billion Cubic
||Crude Oil Refining Capacity, 1/1/02E (Thousand
Barrels Per Day)|
Tajikistan is encouraging foreign
investment. The IMF has assisted Tajikistan in economic reform and
privatization. Privatization programs in Tajikistan have made slow
progress. At present 11% of the medium and large enterprises have been
privatized. The private sector share of the GDP is 20-30%. During the
1995-96 period, Tajikistan adopted laws on credit insurance, money
circulation, the national budget, copyrights, and small business. With the
export and import operation in the Republic of Tajikistan are engaged 749
entities of the foreign economic activity officially registered in the
Ministry of economy and the foreign economic relations including 515
collective farms and state farms.
The trade economic partners of Tajikistan
are 71 countries of the world, from them 10 countries of CIS. Tajikistan's
exports in 2001 were estimated to be $640 million. The main exports were
aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, and textiles. Most
exports went to Uzbekistan, Liechtenstein, Russia, and Kazakhstan.
Tajikistan's imports in 2001 were $700 million. The main imports were
electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery, equipment, and
foodstuffs. Most imports came from the Netherlands, Uzbekistan,
Switzerland, and Russia.
VI. Who's Who
Chiefs of State and Cabinet
(Last Updated: 29.01.2003)
|Chmn., National Assembly (upper house)
|Chmn., Assembly of Representatives (lower
Dep. Prime Min.
Gen. Saidamir Zuhurov|
of Economy & Trade
of Foreign Affairs
|Chmn., State Committee for Oil & Gas
Information on the Republic of Tajikistan -
Information and Analitycal Centre of EuroAsia -
The President of the Republic of Tajikistan -
The Constitution - www.eurasianet.org/resource/tajikistan/links/tajkethn.html
State Property Committee of the Republic of
Tajikistan - www.privatization.tajikistan.com
Internews Tajikistan - www.internews.tj
service - www.rferl.org/BD/TA
Asia Plus Information Agency - www.asiaplus.tajnet.com
News of Tajikistan - tajikistan.tajnet.com
|Fossil Energy International
|CIA World Fact Book 2002
|The World Bank Group
Energy Information Administration
|Information Agency on CIS countries
|The Central Intelligence Agency
|Tajikistan Internet Information Agency