A sovereign and independent state, the
Principality of Monaco has borders on its landward side with several communes of
the French Department of the Alpes-Maritimes; from west to east these are Cap
d`Ail, la Turbie, Beausoleil and Roquebrune Cap Martin. Seawards, Monaco faces
The population of the Principality
consists of 29,972 inhabitants, 5,070 of whom are Monégasques, 12,047 French and
5,000 Italian (according to the last official census in 1990).
Its surface area is 195 hectares, of which
nearly 40 were recovered from the sea during the course of the last twenty
It lies in a narrow coastal strip which
sometimes rises vertically upwards with its highest point at 163 meters. Its
width varies between 1050 meters and a mere 350 meters. Its coastline is 4100
The Principality has only one commune,
Monaco, whose limits are the same as those of the state.
This is divided into five areas :
Mild in winter (average in January and
February : 8.2°) and warm without excess in summer (average in July and August :
The average temperature for the year is
16.31° and the Principality enjoys an exceptional amount of sun.
By air :
The Nice - Côte d`Azur International
Airport is located 22 kilometers away from Monaco. Helicopter and bus services,
taxis and hire cars provide permanent links between the airport and the
By helicopter (scheduled services or on
request), the duration of the flight is 7 minutes.
By train :
The Monaco-Monte Carlo (SNCF) railway
station is a stop for many international trains. The railway is a rapid means of
communication between the Principality and all the localities of the Côte d`Azur
from Cannes to Menton.
By road :
The A8 motorway, which connects with the
whole of European motorway system, serves the Principality by means of easy
access roads (an exit A8 - RN7 coming from Nice, la Turbie going to or coming
from Nice, Roquebrune going to or coming from Italy).
Local communications are provided by three
major roads : the Low, the Middle and the Great Corniches.
Service by inter-town coaches
To Nice and Cannes, via the Low and Middle
Corniches, from 6 a.m. to 1 a.m. and also in the direction of Menton, Italy and
the villages of the back country.
Cannes 50 km
Genoa 174 km
Geneva 520 km
Marseille 205 km
Menton 7 km
Nice 17 km
Paris 958 km
San Remo 35 km
Turin 200 km
By sea :
The two harbors of the Principality, the
Condamine (Hercule harbor) and Fontvieille, are equipped to handle yachts of all
tonnages while intercontinental liners are able to anchor in the bay of Monaco.