Navidad para todos. Deseemos también que Papá Noel libere a Bobby Fischer !!.
bien informadas señalan que la <<feliz>> solución a este “desafortunado
percance” está ya muy cercana !!.
lo que llega, empecemos a disfrutar del gran libro que Garry Kimovich Kaspárov dedica
(sobre 500 páginas !!): No se lo pierdan.
Un cordial saludo,
Rogers Inforchess Column
Por el GM Ian Rogers
Bobby Fischer saga may be nearing an end following the news this week that
Iceland has agreed to grant the former World Champion a residence permit.
Fischer has been imprisoned since July when the 61-year-old American was
detained at Narita airport; his passport was found to have been cancelled,
without his knowledge, by the US authorities.
The US sought to extradite Fischer for 'Trading With the Enemy', for playing a sanctions-busting $5m rematch
against Spassky in Yugoslavia in 1992. However the deportation was indefinitely
deferred while legal arguments raged about whether a person could be deported
for such a crime and also about the legality of the Executive Order (signed by
the original President Bush in 1992) upon which the case against Fischer is
Fischer, arguably the greatest player in chess history, enjoys almost cult
following among some chess fans and soon after his arrest a group in Iceland
set up the FreeBobby.org web site.
The erratic Fischer, remains a fond problem child for Iceland, Fischer gave
Iceland worldwide prominence when he won the world title there in 1972, beating
the Soviet titleholder Boris Spassky in a match loaded
with Cold War symbolism.
Public pressure for the Icelandic government to
take action to help Fischer mounted and it was not long before the Icelandic
Ambassador to Japan was holding private talks with Japanese and US officials,
searching for a solution.
In late October the ambassador convinced Fischer to write an official letter to
the Icelandic Embassy asking for political asylum.
Fischer's letter requesting asylum was a rambling three page screed, claiming
that the matter was urgent because he was being poisoned in the East Japan
Immigration Detention Centre by a nearby nuclear power plant: "For all I know I am already
condemned to die an agonising death from cancer. But even if that is so, I
would like to die in freedom in a friendly country."
However for a month the Icelandic authorities failed to respond to Fischer's
letter. The Icelandic Foreign Minister, David Oddsson - himself a chess fan -
was faced with a number of legal and diplomatic difficulties, including the
close political relationship between Iceland and the US, as well as Iceland's
legal obligations given that they had participated in the economic sanctions
against Yugoslavia during the civil war in the 1990s.
Three weeks ago Fischer wrote again, this time
directly to Oddsson. By now a formal Fischer
support group had been established in Iceland , including leading personalities
such as GM Fridrik Olafsson, the former Speaker of the Icelandic Parliament,
and Fischer's former bodyguard from the 1972 match Saemundur Palsson. The RJF
Committee Iceland began a lobbying campaign which proved very persuasive.
Fischer, however, was not doing his support group any favours. In a ten minute
interview with Icelandic television last week from the detention centre,
Fischer managed to insult the Americans, Japanese and, to a lesser extent, the
Fischer insisted that he had been illegally kidnapped by the Japanese. "I want to get out of this
filthy country and find a country which will give me political asylum. I didn't
do anything wrong [in playing in Yugoslavia in 1992] - this was just a phoney-baloney
Executive Order which has no validity in the US Constitution. They [the US]
want to put me in prison for ten years but of course I'll be murdered once I'm
there - there's no question about that." When asked
if he was using Iceland only as a stopover before going on to another country,
Fischer seemed cagey and refused to give a direct answer.
Early last week rumours began to circulate in
Reykjavik that the diplomatic difficulties were close to being solved and on
Wednesday Oddsson announced that Fischer would be granted a residence permit in
recognition of Fischer's contribution to the development of chess in
Iceland", and that Iceland would immediately begin
negotiating with the Japanese authorities for Fischer's release and transfer.
Unfortunately, chess fans hoping that Fischer's transfer to the country with
the world's greatest number of Grandmasters per head of population will
encourage Fischer to return to the active tournament play seem certain to be
Fischer has not played a competitive game since
his 1992 match with Spassky, preferring to promote the game he calls
FischerRandom - a chess offshoot where the pieces on the first rank are
shuffled before the game begins. When asked during the television interview if
chess still played a large role in his life, Fischer replied "I have no interest whatsoever
in chess - I want to play FischerRandom."
GM Ian Rogers